Nez Percé, self-name Nimi’ipuu, North American Indian people whose traditional territory centred on the lower Snake River and such tributaries as the Salmon and Clearwater rivers in what is now northeastern Oregon, southeastern Washington, and central Idaho, U.S. They were the largest, most powerful, and best-known of
The Nez Perce are a Native American tribe that once lived throughout the Northwest United States including areas of Oregon, Washington, and Idaho. Today, there is a Nez Perce reservation in Idaho.
Their name for themselves is Nimíipuu (pronounced [nimiːpuː]), meaning, “The People”, in their language, part of the Sahaptin family. Nez Percé is an exonym given by French Canadian fur traders who visited the area regularly in the late 18th century, meaning literally “pierced nose”.
For 10,000 years the tribe lived on a 13-million-acre stretch of valleys, prairies, plateaus, and mountains that spread across the borders of present-day Idaho, Oregon, and Washington State. Before whites settled the area, the Nez Perce were a thriving people.
The Nez Perce call themselves Niimíipuu – “The People.” The name nez percé (“ pierced nose ”) came from French Canadian fur traders in the 18th century, an erroneous identification as nose piercing was never practiced by the tribe.
The ancestral Sioux most likely lived in the Central Mississippi Valley region and later in Minnesota, for at least two or three thousand years. The ancestors of the Sioux arrived in the northwoods of central Minnesota and northwestern Wisconsin from the Central Mississippi River shortly before 800 AD.
Very few Ute people are left and now primarily live in Utah and Colorado, within three Ute tribal reservations: Uintah-Ouray in northeastern Utah (3,500 members); Southern Ute in Colorado (1,500 members); and Ute Mountain which primarily lies in Colorado, but extends to Utah and New Mexico (2,000 members).
The Native Americans in the reservations also make several profit out of their tribal land, for example they are allowed to rent it to industry and enterprises or private tenants, and they are free to pursue farming, stock-breeding, fishing and hunting.
On October 5, 1877, his speech, as he surrendered to General Howard, immortalized him in American history forever: “I am tired of fighting. Our chiefs are killed.
The Ghost Dance was based on the round dance that is common to many Indian peoples, used as a social dance as well as for healing practices. Participants hold hands and dance around in a circle with a shuffling side to side step, swaying to the rhythm of the songs they sing.
Chief Joseph (1840-1904) was a leader of the Wallowa band of the Nez Perce Tribe, who became famous in 1877 for leading his people on an epic flight across the Rocky Mountains. It was Joseph who finally surrendered the decimated band to federal troops near the Canadian border in Montana.
On December 29, 1890, as the Cavalry proceeded to disarm members of the tribe, a deaf man became confused and refused to hand over his gun. The gun went off, prompting the Cavalry to open fire. The Ghost Dance movement in many respects ended with the Wounded Knee Massacre.
Nez Perce, also spelled Nez Percé or called Nimipuutímt (alternatively spelled Nimiipuutímt, Niimiipuutímt, or Niimi’ipuutímt), is a Sahaptian language related to the several dialects of Sahaptin (note the spellings -ian vs. -in).