Algonquin, North American Indian tribe of closely related Algonquian-speaking bands originally living in the dense forest regions of the valley of the Ottawa River and its tributaries in present-day Quebec and Ontario, Canada.
Archaeological information indicates that Algonquin people have lived in the Ottawa Valley for at least 8,000 years before the Europeans arrived in North America.
Habitat. The Algonquin Indians lived in the northeast in what is now New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware. This land varied from ocean beaches and marshlands to forests, rivers, valleys, and rocky highlands. The Great Lake Tribes lived beside the Great Lakes.
The Algonquin people lived in domed dwellings called wigwams. Wigwams were the favorite housing of the Algonquins and other groups who lived adjacent
The Iroquois originally lived near Lake Ontario and along the Mohawk River in New York State. Around 1600, five tribes — the Mohawks, the Oneidas, the Onondagas, the Cayugas, and the Senecas — banded together to form a confederacy. A sixth tribe, the Tuscaroras, joined in 1722.
The Mahican were located in western New England in the upper Hudson River Valley (around what was developed by Europeans as Albany, New York). These groups practiced agriculture, hunting and fishing.
The traditional territory of the Algonquin people has always included the Ottawa Valley and adjacent lands, straddling the border between what is now Quebec and Ontario. Unlike most of Ontario and the Prairies, Algonquin territory has never been dealt with by a land-sharing Treaty. Algonquin title continues to exist.
Wigwams (or wetus) are Native American houses used by Algonquian Indians in the woodland regions. Wigwam is the word for “house” in the Abenaki tribe, and wetu is the word for “house” in the Wampanoag tribe. Sometimes they are also known as birchbark houses. Wigwams are small houses, usually 8-10 feet tall.
The peoples who spoke Iroquoian languages occupied a continuous territory around Lakes Ontario, Huron, and Erie in present-day New York state and Pennsylvania (U.S.) and southern Ontario and Quebec (Canada).
For most of the year they lived in settled villages of birchbark houses, called waginogans or wigwams. Algonquin wigwams were usually dome-shaped and not very large– only a single family unit lived in each one.
Wigwams (or wetus) are Native American houses used by Algonquian Indians in the woodland regions. Wigwams are made of wooden frames which are covered with woven mats and sheets of birchbark. The frame can be shaped like a dome, like a cone, or like a rectangle with an arched roof.
Wigwams are good houses for people who stay in the same place for months at a time. Most Algonquian Indians lived together in settled villages during the farming season, but during the winter, each family group would move to their own hunting camp. Wigwams are not portable, but they are small and easy to build.
The wigwam was chosen as the most suitable type of shelter and house style because it suited the lifestyle of the tribes who lived in the woodland areas, was easy to build and made good use of the trees in their locations.
The Algonquins lived north of the Iroquois, and by Lake Superior as the Ottawa Valley. The Iroquois lived between the Great Lakes in southern Ontario with many different types of Iroquois tribes like the Wendat (lived between Lake Huron and Lake Ontario) and the Petuns and the Neutrals.
Pueblo Indians, North American Indian peoples known for living in compact permanent settlements known as pueblos. Representative of the Southwest Indian culture area, most live in northeastern Arizona and northwestern New Mexico.
The heart of the Iroquois homeland is located in what is now New York State. Many Iroquois still live there today and across the border in Canada in Ontario and Quebec. Others were forced to move west to Oklahoma or Wisconsin during the 1800’s.