As the third president of the United States, Jefferson stabilized the U.S. economy and defeated pirates from North Africa during the Barbary War. He was responsible for doubling the size of the United States by successfully brokering the Louisiana Purchase. He also founded the University of Virginia.
A section of the exhibition on the election of 1800 contains a selection of letters, documents, and images from the time period. On February 17, 1801, presidential candidate Thomas Jefferson won support of a majority of congressional Representatives displacing incumbent John Adams.
President Jefferson did not run for third term because, during his second term, in his attempt to leave the U.S out of the Napoleonic Wars, he implemented the Embargo of 1807 because France and Britain, who were in the war, were harassing the U.S merchant ships.
1800 United States presidential election
|Nominee||Thomas Jefferson||John Adams|
|Running mate||Aaron Burr||Charles C. Pinckney|
James Madison, America’s fourth President (1809-1817), made a major contribution to the ratification of the Constitution by writing The Federalist Papers, along with Alexander Hamilton and John Jay. In later years, he was referred to as the “Father of the Constitution.”
The youngest person to assume the presidency was Theodore Roosevelt, who, at the age of 42, succeeded to the office after the assassination of William McKinley. The youngest to become president by election was John F. Kennedy, who was inaugurated at age 43.
Presidents & VPs / Sessions of Congress
|No.||President||Years of Service|
|1.||George Washington||Apr. 30, 1789–Mar. 3, 1797|
|2.||John Adams||Mar. 4, 1797–Mar. 3, 1801|
|3.||Thomas Jefferson||Mar. 4, 1801–Mar. 3, 1805|
|Thomas Jefferson||Mar. 4, 1805–Mar. 3, 1809|
On April 30, 1789, George Washington, standing on the balcony of Federal Hall on Wall Street in New York, took his oath of office as the first President of the United States.
Text. Section 1. No person shall be elected to the office of the President more than twice, and no person who has held the office of President, or acted as President, for more than two years of a term to which some other person was elected President shall be elected to the office of the President more than once.
Jefferson, who believed that incumbents should not serve indefinitely, followed the two- term tradition precedent established by Washington, and declined to seek a third term. Instead, he endorsed his advisor and friend James Madison for the presidency.
Jefferson gradually assumed leadership of the Republicans, who sympathized with the revolutionary cause in France. Attacking Federalist policies, he opposed a strong centralized Government and championed the rights of states. As a reluctant candidate for President in 1796, Jefferson came within three votes of election.
In October, Hamilton published a pamphlet in which he argued that Adams should not be reelected. He charged that the President was emotionally unstable, given to impulsive and irrational decisions, unable to coexist with his closest advisers, and generally unfit to be President.
Opposition to the Quasi-War and the Alien and the Sedition Acts, as well as the intra-party rivalry between Adams and Alexander Hamilton, all contributed to Adams’s loss to Jefferson in the 1800 election. Historians have difficulty assessing Adams’s presidency.