Which is correct, Chris’s chair or Chris ‘ chair? James’s car or James’ car? Actually, both ways are correct. If a proper name ends with an s, you can add just the apostrophe or an apostrophe and an s.
The apostrophe has three uses: 1) to form possessive nouns; 2) to show the omission of letters; and 3 ) to indicate plurals of letters, numbers, and symbols.
In possessives, the placement of the apostrophe depends on whether the noun that shows possession is singular or plural. Generally, if the noun is singular, the apostrophe goes before the s. If the noun is plural, the apostrophe goes after the s: The witches’ brooms.
The possessive form is used with nouns referring to people, groups of people, countries, and animals. It shows a relationship of belonging between one thing and another. To form the possessive, add apostrophe + s to the noun. If the noun is plural, or already ends in s, just add an apostrophe after the s.
All the English style guides insist that singular possessives are formed with -‘s and plurals with only -‘, so the possessive of Jones (singular) is Jones’s and the possessive of Joneses is Joneses’.
CMOS 7.20 states that in the case of a place-name ending with “s,” the “s’s” formation is not used; e.g., the United States’. However, 7.17 uses Kansas’s as an example of proper usage.
Apostrophe Examples Twinkle, twinkle, little star, how I wonder what you are. ( O holy night! Then come, sweet death, and rid me of this grief. ( O, pardon me, thou bleeding piece of earth. ( Roll on, thou deep and dark blue Ocean – roll! ( Welcome, O life!
(Short version, both James ‘ and James’s can be considered correct ). For possessive plurals of names ending in S, you first have to form the plural. Like any noun ending in S, the plural adds -ES, so one James, two Jameses. For possessive, just add an apostrophe: Jameses’.
Apostrophe Rules for Possessives Use an apostrophe + S (‘ s ) to show that one person/thing owns or is a member of something. Use an apostrophe after the ” s ” at the end of a plural noun to show possession. If a plural noun doesn’t end in ” s,” add an apostrophe + ” s ” to create the possessive form.
Apostrophes after the letter S Rule 1: When a plural noun ends in s, place an apostrophe after the s to show possession. Rule 2: When a singular noun ends in s, you can make is possessive by putting the apostrophe after the s, but you don’t have to.
An apostrophe is a small punctuation mark ( ‘ ) placed after a noun to show that the noun owns something. The apostrophe will always be placed either before or after an s at the end of the noun owner. Always the noun owner will be followed (usually immediately) by the thing it owns.
When you use an apostrophe before the ‘s ‘ it is to show singular possession. That means one person owns an object or an idea or an emotion. If two people possess the same thing and you are showing this within the sentence, then you place the apostrophe before the ‘s ‘ on the second name.
The possessive adjective for someone.
The difference between the use of the preposition “of ” and the apostrophe “ s ” (‘ s ) is merely structural in English grammar Actually, both forms portray the same meaning. THE STRUCTURE OF THE POSSESSIVE PHRASE WITH THE PREPOSITION “OF.”
But the former is more popular in professional publishing. So a safe solution is to treat singular nouns ending in S the same way you treat singulars nouns not ending in S: Form the possessive with an apostrophe and an S. Thomas’s house. The important thing to remember is that Thomas is singular.