1. Invasions by Barbarian tribes. The most straightforward theory for Western Rome’s collapse pins the fall on a string of military losses sustained against outside forces. Rome had tangled with Germanic tribes for centuries, but by the 300s “barbarian” groups like the Goths had encroached beyond the Empire’s borders.
Though the western half of the Roman Empire crumbled and fell in 476 A.D., the eastern half survived for 1,000 more years, spawning a rich tradition of art, literature and learning and serving as a military buffer between Europe and Asia.
The Roman Empire was founded when Augustus Caesar proclaimed himself the first emperor of Rome in 31BC and came to an end with the fall of Constantinople in 1453CE.
The Western Roman Empire officially ended 4 September 476 CE, when Emperor Romulus Augustulus was deposed by the Germanic King Odoacer (though some historians date the end as 480 CE with the death of Julius Nepos).
Rome Divides into Two In 285 AD, Emperor Diocletian decided that the Roman Empire was too big to manage. He divided the Empire into two parts, the Eastern Roman Empire and the Western Roman Empire. Over the next hundred years or so, Rome would be reunited, split into three parts, and split in two again.
In 711, an invading force of Arabs and Berbers defeated the Visigoths in the Battle of Guadalete. Their king, Roderic, and many members of their governing elite were killed, and their kingdom rapidly collapsed.
In 476, the Germanic barbarian king Odoacer deposed the last emperor of the Western Roman Empire in Italy, Romulus Augustulus, and the Senate sent the imperial insignia to the Eastern Roman Emperor Flavius Zeno.
If the Roman Empire had never fallen, never split, and never had to cede territory, then the world would be quite different. There would be less diversity of language. However the Empire’s language would have developed, it would be the primary or secondary language for at least half the world.
Claimants to the Russian throne are disputed, but at the time of recording, the person with the best claim is 97-year-old Prince Andrew Romanoff, who was the grand-nephew of the last Tsar Nicholas II.
|Bust of Caligula|
|Reign||16 March 37 – 24 January 41 (3 years and 10 months)|
8 of the Largest Empires in History Persian empire. Also known as the Achaemenian Empire, the kingdom created under Cyrus the Great stretched from Iran into Central Asia and Egypt. Han dynasty. Umayyad Caliphate. Mongol empire. Ottoman Empire. Spanish empire. Russian Empire. British Empire.
Romulus Augustulus, in full Flavius Momyllus Romulus Augustulus, (flourished 5th century ad), known to history as the last of the Western Roman emperors (475–476). In fact, he was a usurper and puppet not recognized as a legitimate ruler by the Eastern emperor.
Well, they were called the Etruscans, and they had their own fully-formed, complex society before the Romans came barging in. The Etruscans lived just north in Rome, in Tuscany. The Etruscans dominated Italy, trading with other flourishing cultures like Greece and the Near East.
Western Roman Empire
|Western Roman Empire Senatus Populusque Romanus Imperium Romanum|
|Common languages||Latin (official) Regional / local languages|
|Religion||Polytheistic Roman Religion until 4th century Nicene Christianity (state church) after 380|
Although many political changes occurred in and around 476 CE, many cultural and social functions of the Roman Empire continued. The end of the Roman Empire represents a slow decline reflecting a natural progression of society rather than an abrupt end of power.