The History of the Spokane Tribe of Indians Spokane ancestors were a river people, living a semi-nomadic way of life hunting, fishing, and gathering all creator had made available to them. Living along the banks of the Spokane and Columbia rivers and scattered up the tributaries.6
The Spokane tribe spoke in a Salishan dialect similar, the language use by the Northwest Pacific coastal tribes. The meaning of their name was “children of the sun”. The tribe consisted of three bands known as the Upper, Middle and Lower Spokane Indians. What was the lifestyle and culture of the Spokane tribe?
The Spokan or Spokane people are a Native American Plateau tribe who inhabit the eastern portion of present-day Washington state and parts of northern Idaho in the United States of America. The current Spokane Indian Reservation is located in northeastern Washington state, centered at Wellpinit (Sčecuwe).
In one story, the Spokane River and its gorge were formed when an imprisoned monster broke free of its bonds near the Columbia River and cut a scar in the earth as it fled to Lake Coeur d’Alene. In another, a Coeur d’Alene woman rejected the romantic interest of Coyote.
The lower Spokane clan’s name was s-kes-tsi-phl-ni, meaning “ place where fish were plentiful,” in reference to their rich fishing grounds near Little Falls on the lower Spokane River.
The Spokane Tribe of Indians ancestors inhabited much of northeastern Washington which consisted of approximately 3 million acres. At times they extended their hunting, fishing, and gathering grounds into Idaho and Montana. Living along the banks of the Spokane and Columbia rivers and scattered up the tributaries. 6
Hayes formally declared the Spokane Indian Reservation the new and smaller home of the tribe. The three bands of the Spokane Indians were split up and some found new homes, which are now known as the Coeur d’Alene Indian Reservation, the Flathead Indian Reservation, and the Colville Indian Reservation.
The food of the Spokane tribe included salmon and trout and a variety of meats from the animals and birds they hunted. They supplemented their protein diet with roots, seeds, nuts and fruits.
Today, the 2,879 enrolled Spokane tribal members live both on and off the Spokane Indian Reservation. The reservation was created in 1881 by U.S. President Rutherford B. Hayes through Executive Order. 6
That can mean proximity to pollution, unfair policies or limited access to natural resources. The Spokane Tribe’s experience with the legacy of uranium mining on their Eastern Washington reservation is an illustration of environmental racism.
The Indian reservation system was created to keep Native Americans off of lands that European Americans wished to settle. The reservation system allowed indigenous people to govern themselves and to maintain some of their cultural and social traditions.
The Spokanes suffered from introduced diseases, including smallpox. Land-grabbing by white settlers was exacerbated by a lack of legal controls to prevent injustice.
Spokane History. Founded in 1873 by James Nettle Glover, Spokane was first a small settlement known as Spokan Falls (it wouldn’t be until 1883 that the “E” was added to Spokan, making the city known as Spokane Falls; in 1891, Falls’ was dropped).