The Eastern and Northern Shoshones lived in tipis, which were tall, cone-shaped buffalo-hide dwellings made of buffalo skin (or teepees). Because the Shoshone tribe travelled about a lot in order to harvest food, a tipi had to be properly made so that it could be set up and taken down fast, much like a contemporary tent would.
They are a Native American tribe that started in the western Great Basin and moved north and east into what are now the states of Idaho and Wyoming. A few Eastern Shoshone had crossed the Rocky Mountains onto the Great Plains by 1500, but the majority had not.
Although the tribe originally named the area we now know as the Great Basin home, they began to migrate north and east, eventually settling in what are now the states of Idaho and Wyoming. As early as 1750, a number of Eastern Shoshone tribes crossed the Rocky Mountains and settled on the Great Plains.
The Indians who lived east of the Rocky Mountains and up north of the Rocky Mountains huddled in tepees and hunted buffalo for food. When the Shoshone resided in the mountains, they subsisted mostly on roots and berries, with the occasional catch of fish or small wildlife. The Shoshone normally lived in tiny groups of ten or fewer people, according to tradition.
For about 12,000 years, the Eastern Shoshone Tribe resided in the Wind River mountain range and its surrounding areas. They currently reside on the Wind River Indian Reservation in central Wyoming, where they coexist alongside the Northern Arapaho Tribe.
The Northwestern Band of Shoshone are found in southern Idaho and northern Utah, with property holdings in Blackfoot, Idaho and Bingham County in Idaho, as well as Brigham City, Utah, and Box Elder County in Utah, according to the tribe’s website.
The Navajo Indians of Arizona and New Mexico have a traditional residential and ceremonial structure known as the hogan. Early hogans were dome-shaped structures with wood or stone frames, which were periodically reinforced with reeds. After the construction had been framed, it was covered with mud, soil, or even sod to protect it from the elements.
In the present day, the Shoshone’s approximately 10,000 members are mostly concentrated on a number of reservations in Wyoming, Idaho, and Nevada, with the Wind River Reservation in Wyoming serving as the biggest.
In the summer, the Great Basin Goshute tribe lived in temporary shelters made of windbreaks or weak structures made of rushes or bunches of grass called Brush Shelters, which were covered with rushes or bunches of grass. They used resources that were readily accessible in their area to make this modest structure, which included sagebrush, willow, twigs, leaves, and grass (brush).
When you welcome someone and say hello in a kind manner, you are saying behne in Shoshone language.
Several tribes on the Plains referred to the Shoshones as the ‘Grass House People,’ and this moniker is most likely derived from the conically shaped dwellings built of local grasses (sosoni) that the Great Basin Indians used to shelter themselves in.
It is called after the Ute, a Numic-speaking group of North American Indians who were initially settled in what is now western Colorado and eastern Utah; the state of Utah is named after them.
The Shoshone Bannock tribes like eating deer, elk, buffalo, moose, sheep, and antelope, among other game. In addition, they enjoy eating salmon, trout, sturgeon, and perch. It is them that collect berries, walnuts, and seeds; they also collect roots such as bitterroot and camas.
Some neighboring tribes refer to the Shoshone as ‘Grass House People,’ referring to their traditional dwellings built of sosoni, which are composed of grass. Shoshones refer to themselves as Newe, which translates as ‘People.’ In 1805, Meriwether Lewis referred to the tribe as the ‘Sosonees or serpent Indians,’ and they were recorded as such by Lewis.
Although exact boundaries are difficult to determine because of the nature of the land and the proximity of other peoples, the Goshutes lived in the area between the Oquirrh Mountains on the east and the Steptoe Mountains in eastern Nevada, as well as the area between the southern end of the Great Salt Lake and an area almost parallel with the Great Salt Lake on the north.