Generally, men did not wear clothing in warm weather. In cold weather, they might don animal skin capes or feather capes. Women commonly wore deerskin aprons, tule skirts, or shredded bark skirts. On cool days, they also wore animal skin capes.
Traditionally, most Native American cultures relied on some combination of leggings; breechclout, or simple short-like coverings; and shirt or jacket for men, and leggings and a full-length dress for women. Leather shoes, known as moccasins were also worn.
The Ohlone ate them all: insects, reptiles, rodents, birds, fish, and larger game animals of all kinds. Things that seem to be repulsive to today’s modern pallet, such as grasshoppers and yellow jacket grubs, were enjoyable additions to the native diet.
The Ohlone people had a rich history believing in animal spirits, but the Spanish came and changed all of that. Most Ohlone Indians became and stayed Catholic. However, some Ohlone Indians still practice their native religion, while others practice a mix of Catholicism and their original religion (Perrigan).
The houses were circular and made with poles, reeds, and grasses. Every village had at least one sweat lodge. This structure was partially built underground. It had to be crawled into through a low doorway.
Most traditional clothing was made of moose and deer hide. The most common clothing was the tunic, loincloth, leggings and moccasins. In winter, bearskins were widely used, especially for capes. For smaller garments such as hats and mittens, muskrat and beaver furs were chosen because of their impermeability.
All First Nations across the country, with the exception of the Pacific Coast, made their clothing—usually tunics, leggings and moccasins —of tanned animal skin. Woodland and northern First Nations used moose, deer or caribou skin.
Ohlone comprises eight attested varieties: Awaswas, Chalon, Chochenyo (also known as Chocheño), Karkin, Mutsun, Ramaytush, Rumsen, and Tamyen. Overall, divergence among these languages seems to have been roughly equivalent to that among the languages of the Romance sub-family of Indo-European languages.
The average Ohlone Indian survived off of a diet that mostly consisted of crushed acorns, nuts, grass seed, berries and trapped fish or game. Most of the tribes built dome-shaped houses of woven or bundled mats of tule (Schoenoplectus acutus or common tule).
“A rough husbandry of the land was practiced, mainly by annually setting of fires to burn-off the old growth in order to get a better yield of seeds—or so the Ohlone told early explorers in San Mateo County.” Their staple diet consisted of crushed acorns, nuts, grass seeds, and berries, although other vegetation,
They traditionally lived in more than 50 independently organized villages and did not view themselves as a distinct group. However, due to their similar languages, they often interacted freely with one another. They survived by hunting, fishing, and gathering acorns and seeds.
Muwekma Today The Ohlone are Native American people located in the Northern California Coast, tribes inhabited areas from the coast of San Francisco through Monterey Bay to lower Salinas Valley. The Ohlone family of tribes have been living in the Bay Area for 10,000 years.
Animal bones were used for spear heads, knives, awls and needles. Deer antlers were used in weapon making. Tule grass, which grew in the Bay, made fishing boats, duck decoys, hats, and toys. String was used to make structures and tools.
During late spring, grasshoppers were hunted and yellow jacket grubs were served either boiled or roasted. Other types of food the Ohlone collected during the spring season were wild greens such as clover, poppy, miners’ lettuce, milkweed, or tansy-mustard. Some of these greens were either used in salads or cooked.