They harvested corn, squash, beans, and tobacco. Lumbee Indians also hunted for deer, wild turkeys and other animals. Originally Lumbee women probably did most of the farming while the men went hunting, like other Algonquian and Siouan tribes.
Many powerful western tribes have “a perception that the Lumbee are really a mixed-race, mainly African group,” says Mark Miller, a history professor at Southern Utah University who has written extensively about tribal identity.
Winter slaughtering of animals is a tradition among the Lumbee people. Adolph Dial and David Eliades describe this tradition in “The Only Land I Know”: For a very long time [Lumbees] have enjoyed hog killings as events which brought neighbors together for a day of work and fun.
The Lumbee are the descendants of a mix of Siouan-, Algonquian-, and Iroquoian-speaking peoples who, in the 1700s, settled in the swamps along the Lumber River in southeastern North Carolina, intermarrying with whites and with blacks, both free and enslaved.
Most of the Indians in North Carolina lived in small buildings made of wood and reeds. The frame of the house was made from wooden poles that were tied together.
It was a Siouan word, from the unwritten language spoken by the Cheraw tribe, the acknowledged largest of the groups that make up the Lumbee people.
Because the 1956 Act, in effect, forbids the federal relationship, it precludes the Lumbee Tribe from utilizing the BIA administrative process to obtain federal recognition. To correct this problem, however, government officials have proposed to allow the Lumbee to participate in a dual process.
Language: The language most commonly referred to as ‘Lumbee’ was an Algonkian language also known as Croatan or Pamlico, but the ancestors of the modern-day Lumbee Indians also included speakers of several other languages, including Tuscarora, Catawba, Cheraw, and other Iroquoian and Siouan languages little is known
A group of Lumbee children do their part to take care of the tree as they water it after the ceremony. Tribal Chairman Harvey Godwin emphasized that full federal recognition is for them more so than any other tribal members because Lumbee children are our future.
(The Lumbee constitution was only adopted in 2000.) They don’t have a separate language. Their tribal religion is either Methodist or Baptist. Also their ancestry is clearly mixed.
2758, the Lumbee Recognition Act passed the U.S. House of Representatives by a vote of 357-59 with one member voting present: “The Lumbee Tribe of North Carolina has waited for far too long to receive the full federal recognition it has long deserved.
Melungeons (/məˈlʌndʒən/ mə-LUN-jən) is a term for numerous groups of people of the Southeastern United States who descend from European settlers and Sub-Saharan African enslaved individuals. Tri-racial describes populations who claim to be of mixed European, African and Native American ancestry.
The Lumbee Indians of North Carolina Cheraw community was first observed on Drowning Creek (Lumber River) in present day Robeson County, North Carolina, in 1724. Almost 300 years later, the Lumbees continue to live along the Lumber River.
The Lumbee Indians have never had a reservation or received services from the Bureau of Indian Affairs or the Indian Health Service though they are eligible for and do receive funds from other federal Indian programs because of their recognition by the State of North Carolina.