Apalachee men wore breechcloths. Apalachee women wore wraparound skirts made of woven fiber. Shirts were not necessary in the Apalachee culture, but both genders wore cloaks in cooler weather. The Apalachees also wore moccassins on their feet.
The Apalachee made tools from stone, bone and shell. They made pottery, wove cloth and cured buckskin. They built houses covered with palm leaves or the bark of cypress or poplar trees. They stored food in pits in the ground lined with matting, and smoked or dried food on racks over fires.
Apalachee, tribe of North American Indians who spoke a Muskogean language and inhabited the area in northwestern Florida between the Aucilla and Apalachicola rivers above Apalachee Bay.
Today, most of the Apalachee live in Louisiana. Its tribal office, located in Libuse, Louisiana, serves approximately 300 members.
Definition of Apalachee 1a: a Muskogean people of northwestern Florida. b: a member of such people.
The Apalachees played a ball game that was a religious exercise as well as a sport. One village would challenge another to a match, and the two teams would have up to 100 players each. They used a hard clay ball about the size of a golf ball covered with buckskin.
The most important foods for the Apalachee were the crops they grew in their fields. They grew corn, beans, and squash (called the “three sisters”). They also harvested wild grapes, acorns, hickory nuts, and blackberries. They fished in the rivers and gathered shellfish and turtles.
The Apalachee Indians lived in rivercane huts thatched with palmetto or bark. Each family had its own small house. The Apalachees also built larger council houses in the same style. Some Apalachee villages also had a special ball-playing field with high benches for spectators.
In some cases, word origins are still in dispute, but the following words are commonly traced to Native American languages:
The Lake Jackson mounds in the Tallahassee area served as a major ceremonial center for Native Americans from 1000-1650. “Tallahassee” is an Apalachee Indian word meaning “old town” or “abandoned fields.” The area became an abandoned Apalachee village.
1000, a group of farming Indians was living in northwest Florida. They were called the Apalachees. The Calusa Indians were originally called the “Calos” which means “Fierce People.” They were descendants of Paleo-Indians who inhabited Southwest Florida approximately 12,000 years ago.
Tribes included the Karok, Maidu, Cahuilleno, Mojave, Yokuts, Pomo, Paiute, and Modoc. On the other hand, the mountains that divided the groups made extensive warfare impractical, and the California tribes and clans enjoyed a comparatively peaceful life.
Because of Florida’s hot climate, the Timucua wore little clothing. Men dressed only in deerskin breechcloths. Their long black hair was tied in topknots, and their faces and bodies were decorated in brightly colored markings. Some of these tattoos were permanent, while others could be washed away.
The Calusa tribe died out in the late 1700s. Many Calusa were captured and sold as slaves. In addition, diseases such as smallpox and measles were brought into the area from the Spanish and French explorers and these diseases wiped out entire villages.
The Timucua were a group of Native Americans who lived in current-day southern Georgia and northern Florida. The Timucua all spoke dialects of the same language, although they were not united politically, living in different tribes with their own territory and dialects.