There are 574 federally recognized Indian Nations (variously called tribes, nations, bands, pueblos, communities and native villages) in the United States.
The international meaning of the English word tribe is a people organized by a non–state government, who typically claim descent from a common founder. In this context, a nation comprise several tribes. Crudely, a nation speaks a language, however that is conceived..
The word tribe and nation are used interchangeably but hold very different meanings for many Native people. Many tribal groups are known officially by names that include nation. Every community has a distinct perspective on how they describe themselves. Not all individuals from one community many agree on terminology.
1: a group of people including many families, clans, or generations a Cherokee tribe. 2: a group of people who are of the same kind or have the same occupation or interest. tribe. noun. ˈtrīb
is that nation is an historically constituted, stable community of people, formed on the basis of a common language, territory, economic life, ethnicity and/or psychological make-up manifested in a common culture or nation can be damnation while tribe is a socially, ethnically, and politically cohesive group of people.
There is no distinct difference between an Indian tribe and an Indian nation. Before America was settled by Europeans, each tribe was self-governed and operated as a separate nation — with separate leadership, customs, laws, and lifestyles. From time to time, various tribes waged war against each other.
Tribal sovereignty in the United States is the concept of the inherent authority of indigenous tribes to govern themselves within the borders of the United States. Originally, the U.S. federal government recognized American Indian tribes as independent nations, and came to policy agreements with them via treaties.
The Clovis culture, the earliest definitively-dated Paleo-Indians in the Americas, appears around 11,500 RCBP (radiocarbon years Before Present), equivalent to 13,500 to 13,000 calendar years ago.
List of unrecognized groups claiming to be American Indian tribes
In 2015, the Pamunkey Indian Tribe gained recognition from the U.S. federal government. Native Peoples of Virginia