In April 1775 British soldiers, called lobsterbacks because of their red coats, and minutemen—the colonists’ militia—exchanged gunfire at Lexington and Concord in Massachusetts. Described as “the shot heard round the world,” it signaled the start of the American Revolution and led to the creation of a new nation.
Howe’s replacement, General Sir Henry Clinton, then mounted a 1778 “Southern strategy” from Charleston. American Revolutionary War.
|Date||April 19, 1775 – September 3, 1783 (8 years, 4 months and 15 days)|
|Location||Eastern North America, North Atlantic Ocean, the West Indies|
|Result||show American–Allied victory:|
WEINTRAUB: Britain lost the war because General Washington had two other generals on his side. By the time the Donald Rumsfeld of that war, the secretary for America, Lord George Germaine, sent his orders across to America 3,000 miles away, it was too late; the orders were moot. Things had changed.
Causes The Founding of the Colonies. French and Indian War. Taxes, Laws, and More Taxes. Protests in Boston. Intolerable Acts. Boston Blockade. Growing Unity Among the Colonies. First Continental Congress.
New data now allow conjectures on the levels of real and nominal incomes in the thirteen American colonies. New England was the poorest region, and the South was the richest.
In the 1600s, England did not have religious freedom. The Pilgrims were forced to leave England because they refused to follow the Church of England. In 1620, the Pilgrims were given permission to settle in Virginia. Instead of landing in Virginia, they landed off the coast of present-day Massachusetts.
The Thirteen Colonies, also known as the Thirteen British Colonies or the Thirteen American Colonies, were a group of colonies of Great Britain on the Atlantic coast of North America founded in the 17th and 18th centuries which declared independence in 1776 and formed the United States of America.
If the colonists had lost the war, there probably wouldn’t be a United States of America, period. A British victory in the Revolution probably would have prevented the colonists from settling into what is now the U.S. Midwest. Additionally, there wouldn’t have been a U.S. war with Mexico in the 1840s, either.
After French assistance helped the Continental Army force the British surrender at Yorktown, Virginia, in 1781, the Americans had effectively won their independence, though fighting would not formally end until 1783.
British America comprised the colonial territories of the British Empire in America from 1607 to 1783.
“Tories” or “Royalists” Prior to the Revolution, colonists who supported British authority called themselves Tories or royalists, identifying with the political philosophy of traditionalist conservatism dominant in Great Britain. During the Revolution, these persons became known primarily as Loyalists.
In the UK and some other countries, it’s called the American War of Independence. It’s not taught at all.
The Patriots were the obvious winners in the Revolution; they gained independence, the right to practice representative government, and several new civil liberties and freedoms. Loyalists, or Tories, were the losers of the Revolution; they supported the Crown, and the Crown was defeated.
Most of the events that led to the Latin American Revolution were begun because of the Spainish colonization and conquering of the Latin American people. These events were: Spain setting up colonies in the Americas. Creoles and Mestizos grow discontented with the Spanish rule.
In the long-term, the Revolution would also have significant effects on the lives of slaves and free blacks as well as the institution of slavery itself. It also affected Native Americans by opening up western settlement and creating governments hostile to their territorial claims.