The Ohlone boys and men wore no clothes in the summer and used capes or robes in the winter. They also wore shell necklaces, earrings, and nose rings. Their hair was braided or tied on the top of their head with a buckskin thong. The girls and women wore aprons with a different design on the front and back.
The Native American women generally wore skirts and leggings. Often they wore shirts or tunics as well. In some tribes, like the Cherokee and the Apache, the women wore longer buckskin dresses. Most Native Americans wore some kind of footwear.
They traditionally lived in more than 50 independently organized villages and did not view themselves as a distinct group. However, due to their similar languages, the often interacted freely with one another. They survived by hunting, fishing, and gathering acorns and seeds.
The Ohlone living today belong to one or another of a number of geographically distinct groups, most, but not all, in their original home territory. The Amah-Mutsun Tribe are descendants of Mutsun Costanoan speakers of Mission San Juan Bautista, inland from Monterey Bay.
The plants I chose included: White Sage Page 11 7 (Salvia apiana), Soap root (Chlorogalum pomeridianum), Yerba Buena (Satureja douglasii), California Wild Rose (Rosa californica), Yarrow (Achillea millefolium), Coffeeberry (Rhamnus californica), Bearberry (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi), and Mugwort (Artemisia douglasiana).
They ate a wide variety of items including roots, seeds, grasses, berries, flowers, acorns, insects, reptiles, bats, rodents, rabbits, birds, fish, and larger animals like deer. However, they had to compete for food and space with sea otters, gray foxes, and grizzly bears.
The present-day Muwekma Ohlone Tribe is comprised of all of the known surviving American Indian lineages aboriginal to the San Francisco Bay region who trace their ancestry through the Missions Dolores, Santa Clara, and San Jose; and who were also members of the historic Federally Recognized Verona Band of Alameda
Ohlone comprises eight attested varieties: Awaswas, Chalon, Chochenyo (also known as Chocheño), Karkin, Mutsun, Ramaytush, Rumsen, and Tamyen. Overall, divergence among these languages seems to have been roughly equivalent to that among the languages of the Romance sub-family of Indo-European languages.
Ohlone College is pronounced “oh loh nee kol ij” (audio below):
CCA campuses are located in Huichin and Yelamu, also known as Oakland and San Francisco, on the unceded territories of Chochenyo and Ramaytush Ohlone peoples.
Do your homework. The Indigenous people to whom the land belongs. The history of the land and any related treaties. Names of living Indigenous people from these communities. Indigenous place names and language. Correct pronunciation for the names of the Tribes, places, and individuals that you’re including.
The Tribe Today Tragically, the Ohlone people were nearly wiped out from disease, warfare and colonization from European immigrants. In the 20th century the tribes finally rallied against the federal government and struggled for years to gain basic recognition.