The reasons for African colonisation were mainly economic, political and religious. During this time of colonisation, an economic depression was occurring in Europe, and powerful countries such as Germany, France, and Great Britain, were losing money.
In 1884–5 the Scramble for Africa was at full speed. Thirteen European countries and the United States met in Berlin to agree the rules of African colonisation. From 1884 to 1914 the continent was in conflict as these countries took territory and power from existing African states and peoples.
Summary. Historians generally agree that the Scramble for Africa, the rushed imperial conquest of the Africa by the major powers of Europe, began with King Leopold II of Belgium.
The Berlin Conference spanned almost four months of deliberations, from 15 November 1884 to 26 February 1885. By the end of the Conference the European powers had neatly divided Africa up amongst themselves, drawing the boundaries of Africa much as we know them today.
Historians generally recognize three motives for European exploration and colonization in the New World: God, gold, and glory.
Although there were both good and bad outcomes of the Age of Exploration, a greater extent of negative effects occurred because Africans and natives were exploited by Europeans, plagued by death, and stripped of their traditions. These significantly impacted our country today, for we can still see the effect.
There are two African countries never colonized: Liberia and Ethiopia.
Representatives of 13 European states, the United States of America and the Ottoman Empire converged on Berlin at the invitation of German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck to divide up Africa among themselves “in accordance with international law.” Africans were not invited to the meeting.
At its peak, prior to European colonialism, it is estimated that Africa had up to 10,000 different states and autonomous groups with distinct languages and customs. From the late 15th century, Europeans joined the slave trade. They transported enslaved West, Central, and Southern Africans overseas.
Between 1885 and 1914, Britain took nearly 30% of Africa’s population under its control; 15% for France, 11% for Portugal, 9% for Germany, 7% for Belgium and 1% for Italy. Nigeria alone contributed 15 million subjects, more than in the whole of French West Africa or the entire German colonial empire.
But to elaborate, Europeans actually did actively try to colonize Africa continuously during the Age of Discovery. The problem was that Malaria killed them off quicker than more could be sent. The only place it really worked was in South Africa, which was too temparate for Malaria to be a big problem.
What was Africa called before Africa? The Kemetic or Alkebulan history of Afrika suggests that the ancient name of the continent was Alkebulan. The word Alkebu-Ian is the oldest and the only word of indigenous origin. Alkebulan meaning the garden of Eden or the mother of mankind.
But the continent is far more than the sum of its stereotypes. Here’s a basic primer. The most important thing to know — and we know you know this, but it must be said —is that Africa is not a country. It’s a continent of 54 countries that are diverse culturally and geographically.
Africans were never “in power” the way you put it, they never had enough power to colonize Europe. ‘Moors’ invaded and occupied southern spain for a pro-longed period of time, they were muslims from north africa.