|Built in||113–125 AD (current building)|
|Built by/for||Trajan, Hadrian|
|Type of structure||Roman temple|
|Related||Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, Hadrian, Apollodorus of Damascus|
The Pantheon as it is known today was actually built on the site of another Pantheon that served as a temple for all the Roman gods. The first building was built by Marcus Agrippa around 27 AD to celebrate the victory of his father-in-law, the emperor Augustus, at Actium over Antony and Cleopatra.
The Pantheon as we know it today was built in 120 AD by Emperor Hadrian who was passionate with architecture and designed it together with Apollodorus of Damascus, a famous Greek architect of the time who unfortunately was executed by order of the Emperor, because of an argument regarding the design of the temple. 4.
It appears the construction of the rotunda walls took a period of 4 to 5 years, and the dome required a like period because of its height and the meager tools the Romans used. This long construction period was fortunate as it gave this pozzolan concrete ample time to cure and gain strength.
Among those buried in its necropolis are Voltaire, Rousseau, Victor Hugo, Émile Zola, Jean Moulin, Louis Braille, Jean Jaurès and Soufflot, its architect.
The best known of such structures is the Pantheon of Rome, first built by Marcus Agrippa as part of a complex created by him on his own property in the Campus Martius in 29–19 BC. The building standing today was constructed on the same site around 126 CE.
|Who attacked Rome continuously in the 5th and 6th Centuries||Barbarians|
|The emperor Vespasian built this with labor and money from Judea||Colosseum|
|This was the underground level of the Colosseum that housed trap doors for animals and gladiators||Hypogeum|
Yes, it is likely that slaves served as most or even all of the labor force for the Parthenon, given that the Athenian government owned many slaves
The Pantheon is one of the best-preserved monuments of ancient Rome. The structure, completed around 126-128 A.D. during the reign of Emperor Hadrian, features a rotunda with a massive domed ceiling that was the largest of its kind when it was built.
The round 19-columned structure is called the Temple of Hercules Victor and dates to the 2nd century BC, which makes it the oldest surviving building in the whole city of Rome! Another temple seems a bit similar to the remains of Athenian Pantheon; it’s known as the Temple of Portunus and was constructed around 100-80
There are no windows inside but the large oculus! The Pantheon now contains the tombs of the famous artist Raphael and of several Italian Kings and poets. The marble floor, which features a design consisting of a series of geometric patterns, is still the ancient Roman original.
They Honor Different Gods While both were built to honor gods, the Parthenon was built to honor Athena and the Pantheon was built to honor all of the Greek gods.
The Pantheon is remarkable for its size, its construction, and its design. The enormous dome stretches 142 feet in diameter; that’s the same as the distance from the Statue of Liberty’s sandals to her torch!
In a new study, researchers drilled down into the chemistry of Roman concrete to find out what makes it so resilient. As suspected, the key ingredient is the specific blend of limestone and volcanic ash used in the mortar, says Gail Silluvan for the Washington Post.