A Doll’s House (Danish and Bokmål: Et dukkehjem; also translated as A Doll House ) is a three-act play written by Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen. It premiered at the Royal Theatre in Copenhagen, Denmark, on 21 December 1879, having been published earlier that month. The play is set in a Norwegian town circa 1879.
A Doll’s House was banned because of its intense social criticism of the inequalities that often existed within marriage and the way women were treated by men during the Victorian era. A Doll’s House was a source of major cultural controversy when it was first performed in 1879.
A Doll’s House, play in three acts by Henrik Ibsen, published in Norwegian as Et dukkehjem in 1879 and performed the same year. The play centres on an ordinary family—Torvald Helmer, a bank lawyer, his wife Nora, and their three little children.
In the play A Doll’s House, by Henrik Ibsen, Nora Helmer commits the crime of forgery. She signs her father’s signature to a loan document, although her father has passed away. Nora has two reasons, or motivations, for committing this crime.
Christine returns and tells Nora that Krogstad is out of town, but she left a letter for him. Alone, Nora resigns herself to suicide, reckoning that, until the end of the party, she has thirty-one hours left to live. Rank, for the knowledge of his death coincides with her decision to commit suicide.
While Nora is the only doll in the house, I think A Doll’s House is an appropriate title for the story. She is the doll, and the house is of her creation. She has allowed herself to be established in the role of the doll – she allowed her father to treat her that way and she has allowed Helmer to do the same.
The main message of A Doll’s House seems to be that a true (read: good) marriage is a joining of equals. The play centers on the dissolution of a marriage that doesn’t meet these standards.
A Doll’s House ends with the slamming of a door. Nora turns her back on her husband and kids and takes off into the snow (brr) to make her own way in the world (brrrrr). It’s a pretty bold decision, to say the least. Some might even call it foolish.
What is Torvald and Nora’s last name? Why is Nora sneaking macaroons significant? he wants to take control of her and she wants to be her own person and is sneaking around. How many children do the Helmer’s have?
Torvald calls her pet names “little lark”, “little squirrel”, and “Little Miss Extravagant”. Nora is being treated like a cute little girl and she happily accepts the epithets.
The play was so controversial that Ibsen was forced to write a second ending that he called “a barbaric outrage” to be used only when necessary. The controversy centered around Nora’s decision to abandon her children, and in the second ending she decides that the children need her more than she needs her freedom.
Ibsen’s “A Doll House ” is based on the true story of novelist Laura Kieler, a friend of Ibsen who did get an illegal loan so she could take her ill husband to Italy.
The play follows Aristotle’s rule -‘the tragic hero has a tragic flaw, or hamartia, that is the cause of his downfall’-, establishing Nora as a tragic heroine. Nora Helmer’s tragic flaw is undoubtedly her naiveté. Aristotle also states that ‘the tragic hero is someone people can relate to’.
Nora Helmer is the heroine of the play. Still a young woman, she is married to Torvald Helmer and has three children. At the play’s outset, she is bubbly and carefree, excited about Christmas and her husband’s recent promotion.