When an atom loses one of its electrons, it becomes a positively charged ion. The atom that gains the electron becomes a negatively charged ion. What is an ionic bond? An ionic bond is the attraction between two oppositely charged ions- Ionic bonds form as a result of the attraction between positive and negative ions.
Explanation: When an atom gains / loses an electron, the atom becomes charged, and is called an ion. Gaining an electron results in a negative charge, so the atom is an anion. Losing an electron results in a positive charge, so atom ion is a cation.
If sodium loses an electron, it now has 11 protons, 11 neutrons, and only 10 electrons, leaving it with an overall charge of +1. It is now referred to as a sodium ion.
When a chlorine atom gains an electron, it becomes a chloride ion. The number of protons an atom, ion or isotope has determines what element it is. Chlorine has 17 protons and Argon has 18 protons.
In general, metals will lose electrons to become a positive cation and nonmetals will gain electrons to become a negative anion. Hydrogen is an exception, as it will usually lose its electron. Metalloids and some metals can be can lose or gain electrons.
Final answer:- if the atom loses all its electron then it get change into positively charged ion. example:- if you take the example of Alpha particles, then we will notice that it is the positively charged Helium atom without a single electron.
If an atom has an equal number of protons and electrons, its net charge is 0. If it gains an extra electron, it becomes negatively charged and is known as an anion. If it loses an electron, it becomes positively charged and is known as a cation.
A sodium atom has one outer electron and a carbon atom has four outer electrons. How might this difference be related to the types of compounds formed by atoms of these two elements? When sodium loses it’s electron it becomes a positively charged ion (called a cation), because it has less electrons then protons.
An atom that loses one or more valence electrons to become a positively charged ion is known as a cation, while an atom that gains electrons and becomes negatively charged is known as an anion.
A sodium atom loses an electron to a chlorine atom. The sodium atom becomes a positive sodium ion. The chlorine atom becomes a negative chloride ion. Both sodium ions and chloride ions have full electron shells.
Sulfur is in group 6 of the periodic table. What is the charge on its ions, and is the charge positive or negative? The charge is negative, since sulfur is a non-metal. The charge on the ion is (8 – 6) = 2.
It didn’t really go anywhere, the lone pair on nitrogen in ammonia picked up a hydrogen ion and formed a covalent bond. The consequence of this is now there is one more proton than electrons in the molecule so it has a positive charge.
When chlorine gains an electron to become a chloride ion with a 21 charge, it ends up with the electron arrangement of argon.