The Timucua hunted bear, deer, wild turkey and alligators for food and clothing. They also ate fish, clams and oysters, and piled the shells into large heaps called middens, which are still here today. To preserve their meat, they smoked it over open fires on a smoking rack.
In the early 1700s Timucua territory was invaded by the Creek Indians and the English. As a result of these incursions, many Timucua died in armed conflict, perished from deprivation, or succumbed to Old World diseases to which they had no immunity.
The Timucua were dark-skinned with black hair. They wore minimal clothing woven from moss or crafted from various animal skins. Much of what we know about early Timucuan culture comes not from the Spanish but from the French.
The Timucua were known to have more permanent villages than the other tribes. Each family had their own home but the cooking took place in the village and meals were held daily in a central location. They wore clothing made from deerskin and woven cloth. The men wore their hair long with a topknot.
The Timucua believed in omens, which meant they interpreted random events as having a deeper meaning about the future.
Timucua is a language isolate formerly spoken in northern and central Florida and southern Georgia by the Timucua peoples. Timucua was the primary language used in the area at the time of Spanish colonization in Florida. Timucua language.
By 1700, the population of the tribe had been reduced to an estimated 1,000. Warfare against them by the English colonists and native allies, and the slave trade completed their extinction as a tribe soon after the turn of the 18th century.
About 500 years ago the native people became known as the Woodland Indians. In North Florida lived two highly organized, farming tribes the Apalachee of the Tallahassee Hills and the Timucuans, located between the Aucilla River and the Atlantic Ocean as far south as Tampa Bay.
The Timucuan wore loin cloths due to the heat; clothing was minimal. Men’s loin cloths were made of deer skin and sometimes woven palm fronds. They did not wear shoes at all the (Timucuans were always shown barefooted). Their toenails were sharpened and occasionally they would wear ankle bracelets.
The village was discovered by Spanish explorers led by Alvaro Mexia, in the early 1600s. The explorers wrote that the Timucuan were “giants covered in many tattoos” noting their tall stature and distinctive body markings.
Many historians and archaeologists give the word a Spanish pronunciation: tee-moo-kwa. Regardless of pronunciation, if you say the name with respect, you are saying it correctly. WHEN DID THE TIMUCUA LIVE IN FLORIDA?
The ” Tocobaga ” tribe was comprised of several small chiefdoms such as Ucita, Pohoy, and Mococo, that ranged from today’s Pinellas County to Sarasota County. They maintained a fishing and hunting culture for approximately 600-800 years before being encountered by the Spanish explorers in the early 1500s.
The Calusa are considered to be the first “shell collectors.” Shells were discarded into huge heaps. Unlike other Indian tribes, the Calusa did not make many pottery items. They used the shells for tools, utensils, jewelry, and ornaments for their shrines. Shell spears were made for fishing and hunting.
The Apalachee Indians lived in rivercane huts thatched with palmetto or bark. Each family had its own small house. The Apalachees also built larger council houses in the same style. Some Apalachee villages also had a special ball-playing field with high benches for spectators.
The homes of the Native American tribes of Florida had similarities. All five tribes used wooden poles and branches for the frames of their homes. The Apalachee, Tequesta, Tocobaga, and Timucua all created walls and roofs from grass and palm leaves. The Timucua and Apalachee also used mud and clay in their walls.