The 15th century was the century which spans the Julian years 1401 to 1500. The term is often used to refer to the 1400s, the century between 1400 and 1499. In Europe, the 15th century includes parts of the Late Middle Ages, the Early Renaissance, and the early modern period.
As a means of recording the passage of time, the 14th century was a century lasting from January 1, 1301, through December 31, 1400. The term is often used to refer to the 1300s, the century between 1300 and 1399.
The period of European history extending from about 500 to 1400–1500 ce is traditionally known as the Middle Ages. The term was first used by 15th-century scholars to designate the period between their own time and the fall of the Western Roman Empire.
Incas rule in Peru. Florence becomes center of Renaissance arts and learning under the Medicis. Turks conquer Constantinople, end of the Byzantine empire, beginning of the Ottoman empire. The Wars of the Roses, civil wars between rival noble factions, begin in England (to 1485).
Most people know that Johannes Gutenberg invented movable type presses during the 15th century—in 1440 to be exact. That invention, which was possibly history’s greatest, made the inexpensive printing of books possible. But many other important inventions were introduced during this century.
A surfeit of land, a labour shortage, low rents, and high wages, which had prevailed throughout the early 15th century as a consequence of economic depression and reduced population, were replaced by a land shortage, a labour surplus, high rents, and declining wages.
Controversy, heresy, and the Western Schism within the Catholic Church paralleled the interstate conflict, civil strife, and peasant revolts that occurred in the kingdoms. Cultural and technological developments transformed European society, concluding the Late Middle Ages and beginning the early modern period.
The Dark Ages ended because Charlemagne united much of Europe and brought about a new period in time of emerging nation-states and monarchies.
The longest geologic era was the Precambrian. It began with the formation of the earth about 4.53 billion years ago, and ended about 542 million years
Precambrian Era. The Precambrian Era. The name means: “before the Cambrian period.” This old, but still common term was originally used to refer to the whole period of earth’s history before the formation of the oldest rocks with recognizable fossils in them.
According to the International Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS), the professional organization in charge of defining Earth’s time scale, we are officially in the Holocene (“entirely recent”) epoch, which began 11,700 years ago after the last major ice age.
In the 1500s and 1600s almost 90% of Europeans lived on farms or small rural communities. Crop failure and disease was a constant threat to life. Wheat bread was the favorite staple, but most peasants lived on Rye and Barley in the form of bread and beer. These grains were cheaper and higher yield, though less tasty.
Ulrich Zwingli begins Reformation in Switzerland. Hernando Cortes conquers Mexico for Spain. Charles I of Spain is chosen Holy Roman Emperor Charles V. Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan sets out to circumnavigate the globe.
1519: Charles I of Austria, Spain, and the Low Countries becomes Emperor of Holy Roman Empire as Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor (ruled until 1556).