The Mayflower attempted to depart England on three occasions, once from Southampton on 5 August 1620; once from Darthmouth on 21 August 1620; and finally from Plymouth, England, on 6 September 1620.
Mayflower, in American colonial history, the ship that carried the Pilgrims from England to Plymouth, Massachusetts, where they established the first permanent New England colony in 1620. 3 дня назад
There were 102 passengers on the Mayflower including 37 members of the separatist Leiden congregation who would go on to be known as the Pilgrims, together with the non-separatist passengers. There were 74 men and 28 women – 18 were listed as servants, 13 of which were attached to separatist families.
After more than two months ( 66 days ) at sea, the Pilgrims finally arrived at Cape Cod on November 11, 1620.
The Mayflower returned to England from Plymouth Colony, arriving back on 9 May 1621. Surrey, England, on 5 March 1621/2. No further record of the Mayflower is found until May 1624, when it was appraised for the purposes of probate and was described as being in ruinis. The ship was almost certainly sold off as scrap.
Forty – five of the 102 Mayflower passengers died in the winter of 1620 – 21, and the Mayflower colonists suffered greatly during their first winter in the New World from lack of shelter, scurvy, and general conditions on board ship. They were buried on Cole’s Hill.
The Spanish were among the first Europeans to explore the New World and the first to settle in what is now the United States. By 1650, however, England had established a dominant presence on the Atlantic coast. The first colony was founded at Jamestown, Virginia, in 1607.
Some 100 people, many of them seeking religious freedom in the New World, set sail from England on the Mayflower in September 1620. That November, the ship landed on the shores of Cape Cod, in present-day Massachusetts.
Plymouth Colony was founded by a group of English Puritans who came to be known as the Pilgrims. The core group (roughly 40% of the adults and 56% of the family groupings) were part of a congregation led by William Bradford.
Modern scholars have argued that indigenous communities were devastated by leptospirosis, a disease caused by Old World bacteria that had likely reached New England through the feces of rats that arrived on European ships.
John and Priscilla had 11 children survive to adulthood and are thought to have the most descendants of any Pilgrims.
Annual and Life Members
The Mayflower also made occasional voyages to other ports, including once to Malaga, Spain, and twice to Hamburg, Germany. The Mayflower was supposed to accompany another ship, the Speedwell, to America, but the Speedwell proved too leaky for the voyage so the Mayflower proceeded alone.
Mayflower (1620) John Alden. Isaac and Mary (Norris) Allerton, and children Bartholomew, Remember, and Mary. John Allerton. John and Eleanor Billington, and sons John and Francis. William and Dorothy (May) Bradford. William and Mary Brewster, and children Love and Wrestling. Richard Britteridge. Peter Browne.