The Miami Tribe people were farmers. They grew food crops which included beans, corn and squash. The Miami Tribesmen were expert hunters and they mostly hunted wild buffaloes. They used fire to drive the buffalo towards the hunters.
They lived in oval-shaped houses made of woven reeds, also called wigwams. Wooden sticks were wrapped around them for support. The tightly wrapped reeds made for a good, waterproof roof.
Portrait of Mi-A-Qu-A, a Miami chief. The Miami natives originally lived in Indiana, Illinois, and southern Michigan at the time of European colonization of North America. They moved into the Maumee Valley around 1700. They soon became the most powerful American Indian tribe in Ohio.
The Illinois spoke a language in the Algonquian language family called ” Miami-Illinois.” Miami and Illinois peoples could easily understand one another. The only differences in their speech were different ways of pronouncing certain words.
Today the Oklahoma-based Miami tribe has about 5,600 enrolled members. However many other Indiana-based Miami still consider themselves a separate group that has been unfairly denied separate federal recognition.
Besides hunting and trapping buffalo, the Miami’s also farmed a great amount of white corn, in which they would trade with other tribes during the 18th century. They would also trade with the French and English between the borders of Ohio and Illinois.
Miami is a Native American nation originally speaking one of the Algonquian languages. Among the peoples known as the Great Lakes tribes, it occupied territory that is now identified as Indiana, southwest Michigan, and western Ohio.
The city’s name is derived from the Miami River, which is ultimately derived from the Mayaimi people who lived in the area at the time of European colonization. Though spelled the same in English, the Florida city’s name has nothing to do with the Miami people who lived in a completely different part of North America.
They lived in villages of small oval houses with walls made of woven reeds. Each Miami village also had a larger wooden council house.
Little Turtle, (born c. 1752, near Fort Wayne, Indiana—died July 14, 1812, Fort Wayne, Indiana, U.S. ), American Indian, chief of the Miami, who achieved fame during the turbulent period when the U.S. Congress launched a punitive campaign against the Indians who were raiding settlers in the Northwest Territory.
In 1923 the State of Illinois made “American” its official language (in 1969 the law was quietly amended to make English the official tongue). The state language was symbolic, like the state bird or flower.
Albert Hood of Oklahoma City wants to know the correct pronunciation of ” Miami.” Albert says he’s heard that the original pronunciation of the tribal name was “My-AH-ma.” “But usually we hear “My-AH-Mee,” he said.
This subfamily of around 30 languages is divided into three groups according to geography: Plains, Central, and Eastern Algonquian; of these three, only Eastern Algonquian constitutes a true genetic subgroup.