Tohono O’odham, also called Papago, North American Indians who traditionally inhabited the desert regions of present-day Arizona, U.S., and northern Sonora, Mex.
Papago was a quasi-derogatory term the Spanish Conquistadors gave to the natives of the Sonoran Desert located below the confluence of the Salt River and the Gila River, in southern Arizona, and northern Mexico. Papago originally translated to an ancient Castilian Spanish slang term, for bean eater.
In addition, the majority of the Navajo Nation, the largest Native American reservation in the US, and the entire Tohono O’odham Nation, the second largest, are located in Arizona. Over a quarter of the area of the state is reservation land. Twenty tribes are members of the Inter-Tribal Council of Arizona (ITCA).
The Tohono O’odham (/toʊˈhɑːnə ˈɑːtʊm/ or /tɑːˈhoʊnə ˈɑːtəm/) are a Native American people of the Sonoran Desert, residing primarily in the U.S. state of Arizona and the Mexican state of Sonora. Tohono O’odham means “Desert People”.
The Tohono O’odham foraged and ate many local plants including mesquite bean pods, cholla fruit, and saguaro fruit. They also hunted for deer, rabbit, and javelina.
If you’d like to know some easy Tohono O ‘ odham words, “Shap kaij” (sounds a little like shop kite-ch) is a friendly greeting in Tohono O ‘ odham.
Naver Papago (Hangul: 네이버 파파고), shortened to Papago and stylized as papago, is a multilingual machine translation cloud service provided by Naver Corporation. The word ” Papago ” comes from the Esperanto word for “parrot”, Esperanto being a constructed language.
How are Arizona’s American Indian tribes like separate nations? Each tribe has its own government and laws. Each tribe manages its own land and water. Each tribe is independent from one another.
Sedona’s Modern Native American Presence However, over the subsequent centuries, Sedona’s current modern-day Native cultures moved into the region: the Yavapai and the Tonto Apaches. There is also a strong influence from Navajo and Hopi Indians.
Some are concentrated in the reservation border towns of Flagstaff, Arizona; Winslow, Arizona; Holbrook, Arizona; Page, Arizona; Gallup, New Mexico; and Farmington, New Mexico.
The Nation is the second largest reservations in Arizona in both population and geographical size, with a land base of 2.8 million acres and 4,460 square miles, approximately the size of the State of Connecticut. Its four non-contiguous segments total more than 2.8 million acres at an elevation of 2,674 feet.
Ajo was and is a tri-national town. Its residents are Native Americans from the Tohono O’odham tribe; Hispanics mostly from Mexico; and white people, who have lived in Ajo for a long or short time. The tribe changed its name from the Papago to Tohono O’odham in 1986; the name means Desert People.
The Hohokam people abandoned most of their settlements during the period between 1350 and 1450. It is thought that the Great Drought (1276–99), combined with a subsequent period of sparse and unpredictable rainfall that persisted until approximately 1450, contributed to this process.