The Constitutional Convention assembled in Philadelphia in May of 1787. The delegates shuttered the windows of the State House and swore secrecy so they could speak freely. Although they had gathered to revise the Articles of Confederation, by mid-June they had decided to completely redesign the government.
1 The most well-known attendees for each state were: Virginia – George Washington, James Madison, Edmund Randolph, George Mason. Pennsylvania – Benjamin Franklin, Gouverneur Morris, Robert Morris, James Wilson. New York – Alexander Hamilton. New Jersey – William Paterson. Massachusetts – Elbridge Gerry, Rufus King.
What was the original purpose of the 1787 Constitutional Convention? The constitutional convention was called to try to fix problems the country experienced under the Articles of Confederation.
Stimulated by severe economic troubles, which produced radical political movements such as Shays’s Rebellion, and urged on by a demand for a stronger central government, the convention met in the Pennsylvania State House in Philadelphia (May 25–September 17, 1787), ostensibly to amend the Articles of Confederation.
Four years after the United States won its independence from England, 55 state delegates, including George Washington, James Madison and Benjamin Franklin, convene in Philadelphia to compose a new U.S. constitution.
To get the Constitution ratified by all 13 states, the delegates to the Constitutional Convention had to reach several compromises. The three major compromises were the Great Compromise, the Three -Fifths Compromise, and the Electoral College.
The term Founding Fathers is sometimes more broadly used to refer to the Signers of the embossed version of the Declaration of Independence in 1776, although four significant founders – George Washington, John Jay, Alexander Hamilton, and James Madison – were not signers.
Rhode Island was the only state not to send delegates to the Constitutional Convention in 1787. There were several reasons for Rhode Island’s resistance including its concern that the Constitution gave too much power to the central government at the expense of the states.
America’s littlest state had a big independence streak. Rhode Island, distrustful of a powerful federal government, was the only one of the 13 original states to refuse to send delegates to the Constitutional Convention.
The result of the convention was the creation of the Constitution of the United States, placing the Convention among the most significant events in American history.
To address the weaknesses in the Articles of Confederation To debate whether or not to secede from Britain To draft and sign the Declaration of Independence To write a constitution increasing the power of the states.
James Madison is known as the Father of the Constitution because of his pivotal role in the document’s drafting as well as its ratification. Another essay recounts Madison’s experiences during the Constitutional Convention of 1787.
6 Key Players At The Constitutional Convention George Washington. Portrait of George Washington by Gilbert Stuart. James Madison. James Madison by John Vanderlyn (White House Historical Association) George Mason. Portrait of George Mason by John Hesselius (Wikimedia) Roger Sherman. Painting of Roger Sherman by Ralph Earl (Wikimedia) William Paterson. James Wilson.
A constitutional convention is a gathering for the purpose of writing a new constitution or revising an existing constitution. Members of a constitutional convention (sometimes referred to as “delegates” to a constitutional convention) are often, though not necessarily or entirely, elected by popular vote.