In August 1805 Lewis and Clark were looking for the Shoshone Indians. The Corps ( Lewis and Clark’s expedition party) needed horses to cross the Rockies and the Shoshone had them. Sacagawea, a member of the Corps, was Shoshone, but she had been kidnapped by another tribe many years before.
Sacagawea, the daughter of a Shoshone chief, was captured by an enemy tribe and sold to a French Canadian trapper who made her his wife around age 12. In November 1804, she was invited to join the Lewis and Clark expedition as a Shoshone interpreter.
Жан Батист Шарбонно Лизетт Шарбонно Maria Catarina Charguana Антон Фрис Сакагавея / Потомки The Hidatsa who claim Sacagawea as a relative say she had four children — Baptiste, Otter Woman, Cedar Woman and Different Breast. Most people know only of Baptiste, the infant carried by Sacagawea as she traveled with the Corps of Discovery to the Pacific.
For the next 16 months and for a total of 5,000 miles the expedition took him across the Rockies to the Pacific Ocean and back. During this time Clark grew fond of Pompy and his family and offered to take care of his education and raise him as his own child.
No picture exists of Sacagawea, and none appeared in the school readers published before 1900–hardly a surprise, considering the short shrift usually given the Lewis and Clark Expedition in nineteenth-century histories.
|Died||December 20, 1812 (aged 24) or April 9, 1884 (aged 95) Kenel, South Dakota or Wyoming|
|Other names||Sakakawea, Sacajawea|
|Known for||Accompanied the Lewis and Clark Expedition|
In April of 1805 the expedition headed out. Sacagawea had given birth to a son that winter named Jean Baptiste. She brought him along, carrying him in a cradleboard tied to her back. He was only two months old.
While Sacagawea did not speak English, she spoke Shoshone and Hidatsa. Her husband Charbonneau spoke Hidatsa and French. In effect, Sacagawea and Charbonneau would become an intepreter team.
So why is Sacagawea an important American to know? She was instrumental in the Lewis & Clark Expedition as a guide as they explored the western lands of the United States. Her presence as a woman helped dispel notions to the Native tribes that they were coming to conquer and confirmed the peacefulness of their mission.
Teton said that Sacagawea’s history has “been good and bad.” Although some tribes view Sacagawea as a traitor for leading the white men west, Sacagawea had only been “doing what her husband told her to do.” When enemy tribes stole family members or friends, those people “died” because the tribes thought they would
This one-minute video segment from IdahoPTV’s “Moments in Time” presents Captain Meriwether Lewis’ journal entry from February 11, 1805, the evening on which Sacagawea gave birth to her son Jean Baptiste Charbonneau.
Jean Baptiste Charbonneau is remembered primarily as the son of Sacagawea. His father, Toussaint Charbonneau, was a French-Canadian fur trapper who joined the Lewis and Clark Expedition as an interpreter; Sacagawea proved invaluable as the explorers’ interpreter among the Shoshone.
|Jean Baptiste Charbonneau|
|Resting place||Jordan Valley Hamlet Cemetery, Danner, Oregon, U.S.42.982647°N 117.0547225°W|
|Other names||Jean, Pompey (“Pomp” or “Little Pomp”)|
|Known for||Accompanied the Lewis and Clark Expedition as an infant|
|Parent(s)||Sacagawea Toussaint Charbonneau|