Beginning in the early 1700s the Walla Walla people raised great herds of horses, making their lifestyle much easier as they gathered seasonal plants. They also traveled across the Rocky Mountains to trade dried roots and salmon to the Plains Indians for buffalo meat and hides.
However with the influence of the Great plains tribes they began to use buffalo hides to make their clothes. The clothes worn by the men varied according to the season but generally they wore breechcloths, leggings, vests, shirts, moccasins and robes. Blankets and gloves were frequently used to keep out the cold.
Walla Walla Indian Language (Wallula) Walla Walla is a Penutian language of the Western Plateau. It is spoken natively by only a handful of elders there, but some younger people are working to keep their ancestral language alive.
Originally located in present-day northeastern Oregon and southeastern Washington, they lived adjacent to territory occupied by the Nez Perce and had close associations with them. Like the Plains tribes, the Cayuse placed a high premium on warfare and were skilled horsemen. They developed the Cayuse pony.
Tribe members practiced the traditional religion of Washat, also known as the Longhouse religion and the seven drum religion. It involved a great deal of dancing to ceremonial music and drumming. It was a religion based on the belief that a spirit exists in every living thing and they must do as the sprits wished.
Walla Walla is a First Nations name meaning “many waters.” In 1805, when Lewis and Clark traveled by the mouth of a small river flowing into the Columbia River, they met a group of Native Americans who told them their name for the small river was “Wallah Wallah.” So Lewis and Clark called the Indian tribe by the same
Umatilla or U·ma·til·las. 1. A member of a Native American people of northeast Oregon. 2. The dialect of Sahaptin spoken by the Umatilla.
Walla Walla averages 9 inches of snow per year. The US average is 28 inches of snow per year.
The Nimiipuu people have always resided and subsisted on lands that included the present-day Nez Perce Reservation in north-central Idaho. Today, the Nez Perce Tribe is a federally recognized tribal nation with more than 3,500 citizens.
The Cayuse language (Cailloux, Willetpoos) is an extinct unclassified language formerly spoken by the Cayuse Native American tribe in the U.S. state of Oregon. The Cayuse name for themselves was Liksiyu (see Aoki 1998).
The food that the Cayuse tribe ate included salmon and other fish and a variety of meats from the animals that they hunted. About half their diet was fish, and the other half came from large game animals and small birds. They supplemented their protein diet with seeds, roots, nuts and fruits.
|Part of the American Indian Wars|
|Date 1847–1855 Location Oregon Country and Oregon Territory Result United States victory|