Pima, North American Indians who traditionally lived along the Gila and Salt rivers in Arizona, U.S., in what was the core area of the prehistoric Hohokam culture. Like their presumed ancestors, the Pima were traditionally sedentary farmers who lived in one-room houses and utilized the rivers for irrigation.
Originally, Pima people didn’t wear much clothing– men wore only Indian breechcloths and sometimes deerskin leggings, and women wore knee-length skirts. Shirts were not necessary in Pima culture, but the Pimas sometimes wore rabbit-skin robes at night when the weather became cooler.
Akimel Oʼotham ( Akimel Au-Authm, meaning “River People”, often simply called Pima, by outsiders, lived north of and along the Gila, the Salt, and the Santa Cruz rivers in what is today defined as Arizona)
Historically, the Pima, are descendants of the Hohokam (Hoo-hoogam), people who farmed the Salt River Valley and created an elaborate canal irrigation system centuries ago. In contrast, the Maricopa originally lived along the lower Gila and Colorado Rivers and migrated toward Pima villages in 1825.
Most of the Pima tribe living in the region were forced to move to the Salt River reservation. The Pima tribe now live, together with the Maricopa tribe, on the Gila River and Salt River reservations and, with the Tohono O’Odham (Desert People) tribe, on the Ak-Chin reservation, all which are located in Arizona.
What happened to the Pima tribe’s water? The river upstream was dammed, preventing water from reaching the Prima tribe. The Gila River then benefited the civilizations upstream using the dammed water. Farming became increasingly difficult, since there was limited water to live off the land.
The Hohokam people abandoned most of their settlements during the period between 1350 and 1450. It is thought that the Great Drought (1276–99), combined with a subsequent period of sparse and unpredictable rainfall that persisted until approximately 1450, contributed to this process.
Pima Indians with type 2 diabetes are metabolically characterized by obesity, insulin resistance, insulin secretory dysfunction, and increased rates of endogenous glucose production, which are the clinical characteristics that define this disease across most populations (25).
Yuma families lived in an earth lodge, which is made of a square wooden frame packed with clay and thatched with grass. The thick earth walls kept this kind of house cool in the heat and warm in the cold, making it good shelter in the desert.
If you’d like to know some easy Tohono O ‘ odham words, “Shap kaij” (sounds a little like shop kite-ch) is a friendly greeting in Tohono O ‘ odham.
How do I apply for enrollment in a tribe? After you have completed your genealogical research, documented your ancestry, and determined the tribe with which your ancestor was affiliated, you are ready to contact the tribe directly to obtain the criteria for membership.
Maricopa is pronounced “mare-ee-coh-pah,” and it is a shortened form of the Spanish name for the tribe, Cocomaricopa. No one is really sure where that name came from or what it meant. It may have been a place name. In their own language, the tribe calls themselves Pi-Posh or Pee-Posh, which means “the people.”
The hotel tower, which was designed by FFKR Architects, has 15 stories and stands at 200 feet and six inches. Talking Stick Resort is independently owned and operated by the Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community ( SRPMIC ).
The reservation has a land area of 583.749 sq mi (1,511.902 km²) and a 2000 Census population of 11,257. It is made up of seven districts along the Gila River and its largest communities are Sacaton, Komatke, Santan, and Blackwater.