Jumanos supplied corn, dried squashes, beans, and other produce from the farming villages, in exchange for pelts, meat, and other buffalo products, and foods such as piñon nuts, mesquite beans, and cactus fruits.
Over the next two centuries, the people who became known as the Wichita were often referred to as Jumano in the historic record. Scholars agree that, at a minimum, the Jumanos comprised the nomadic bison- hunting people of the Pecos and Concho River valleys of Texas.
A Spanish explorer wrote that the Jumano used a hollow gourd and hot stones to cook their food. They filled the gourd with water and placed hot stones in the water until it boiled. Some historians believe that the Pueblo people of today are the descendants of the Anasazi.
The Plains Jumano certainly hunted buffalo and moved to follow the herds. The Plains Jumano probably lived in tee -pees like the other nomadic Southern Plains tribes did. Look on the Jumano map for the villages symbol to see a couple of places where Plains Jumano had villages.
Specialties Barbecue meats and sausage at a restaurant in Texas. Fried sopapillas pastries. Texan peanut butter pie. Chicken fried steak with cream gravy served at a restaurant in Austin, Texas. Traditional beef tripe stew called menudo.
During times of need, they also subsisted on worms, lizards, ants, and undigested seeds collected from deer dung. They ate much of their food raw, but used an open fire or a fire pit for cooking. Most of their food came from plants. Pecans were an important food, gathered in the fall and stored for future use.
The Arapaho, Assiniboine, Blackfoot, Cheyenne, Comanche, Crow, Gros Ventre, Kiowa, Plains Apache, Plains Cree, Plains Ojibwe, Sarsi, Shoshone, Sioux, and Tonkawa. and were all nomadic tribes who followed the buffalo herds and lived in tipis.
The Wichita band of Indians was one of several bands that composed the Wichita confederacy. The Wichita called themselves Kitikiti’sh, meaning “raccoon eyes,” because the designs of tattoos around the men’s eyes resembled the eyes of the raccoon.
Jumano leader Don Juan Sabeata, on behalf of his group and 12 other Jumano nations, implored the Spanish to travel to their lands on the Concho River, establish settlements, and help them against the warlike intruders.
Facts about the Jumano These Jumanos were nomadic, and wandered along what is known today as the Colorado, the Rio Grande, and the Concho rivers. The Jumanos were good hunters. They hunted wild buffalo. The Jumanos traveled on foot until the 1680’s.
According to some sources, the Karankawa practiced ritual cannibalism, in common with other Gulf coastal tribes of present-day Texas and Louisiana. The Karankawa people were shocked at the Spanish cannibalism, which they found to be repugnant.
Karankawa, several groups of North American Indians that lived along the Gulf of Mexico in Texas, from about Galveston Bay to Corpus Christi Bay.
The early Jumanos lived in villages along the Rio Grande. Although the region was dry and rugged, they grew corn and other crops by placing fields near the river. When the Rio Grande overflowed, the fields filled with water. The Jumanos also gathered wild plants for food and hunted buffalo.
The Karankawa Indians were a group of now-extinct tribes who lived along the Gulf of Mexico in what is today Texas. Archaeologists have traced the Karankawas back at least 2,000 years. The last known Karankawas were killed or died out by the 1860s.