www.bia.gov/bia/ois/tgs/genealogy Publishes a downloadable Guide to Tracing Your Indian Ancestry. Has a vast online library, Tracing Native American Family Roots. www.ncai.org/tribal-directory Provides the online tribal directory where contact information for specific tribes can be found.
The Bureau of Indian Affairs uses a blood quantum definition—generally one-fourth Native American blood —and/or tribal membership to recognize an individual as Native American. However, each tribe has its own set of requirements—generally including a blood quantum—for membership (enrollment) of individuals.
How to get started tracing your Native American heritage?
Using the basic FTDNA autosomal test, you can find out whether or not your genes can be correlated with Indigenous American populations. The autosomal test analyzes a large majority of your DNA, and can find genetic variants that originated in indigenous populations.
If you have Native American DNA, it will appear in your ethnicity results as the Indigenous Americas region. The AncestryDNA test is not intended to be used as legal proof of Native American ethnicity.
All major ABO blood alleles are found in most populations worldwide, whereas the majority of Native Americans are nearly exclusively in the O group. O allele molecular characterization could aid in elucidating the possible causes of group O predominance in Native American populations.
For people researching the potential of a Native American past, you can:
While 23andMe can reveal genetic evidence of Native American ancestry, it cannot identify specific tribal affiliations. Take a DNA test with 23andMe and get a breakdown of your global ancestry, connect with DNA relatives and more.
According to the federal government, in order to be a Native American, one must enroll in one of the 573 federally recognized tribes, etc. An individual must connect their name to the enrolled member of a federally recognized tribe. Please see the link of the list of federally recognized tribes. 6
In 2015, 23andMe published a study showing that over 5% of our research participants who identify as African American have at least 2% DNA predicted to most closely match an Indigenous American reference population (and 22% are estimated to have at least 1% of this DNA).
Definition. Indigenous ancestry refers to whether a person has ancestry associated with the Indigenous peoples of Canada, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis, and/or Inuit. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.
According to David Reich, a geneticist at Harvard Medical School and a member of the research team, the new DNA sequence also shows that Native Americans and people from East Asia have more Neanderthal DNA, on average, than Europeans.
Autosomal DNA test. An autosomal DNA test is better for ruling out Native American ancestry than it is for proving it. Your autosomal DNA comes from all of your ancestors and gets mixed with every generation. That means you get half of it from your father and half from your mother.
Most tribes require a specific percentage of Native “blood,” called blood quantum, in addition to being able to document which tribal member you descend from. Some tribes require as much as 25% Native heritage, and most require at least 1/16th Native heritage, which is one great-great grandparent.