Geronimo, Indian name Goyathlay (“One Who Yawns”), (born June 1829, No-Doyohn Canyon, Mex. —died Feb. 17, 1909, Fort Sill, Okla., U.S.), Bedonkohe Apache leader of the Chiricahua Apache, who led his people’s defense of their homeland against the military might of the United States.
Geronimo was born in what is today Arizona in the upper Gila River country on June 16, 1829. His birth name was Goyahkla, or “one who yawns.” He was part of the Bedonkohe subsection of the Chiricahua tribe of Apaches, a small but mighty group of around 8,000 people.
Geronimo was an Apache leader who belonged to the Bedonkohe band of the Chiricahua Apache tribe. He was not considered a chief among the Apache people, but was known as an infamous leader with a warrior spirit that conducted raids and warfare.
Geronimo, a Bedonkohe Apache leader of the Chiricahua Apache, led his people’s defense of their homeland against the U.S. military after the death of Cochise.
1829–1909). A Chiricahua Apache religious and military leader, Geronimo was born in the 1820s, perhaps near present Clifton, Arizona. His Apache name was Goyahkla (One Who Yawns). He achieved a reputation as a spiritual leader and tenacious fighter against those who threatened his people’s ways of life.
Michael Pate as Geronimo.
Geronimo (interj.) Adopted as battle cry by paratroopers in World War II, who perhaps had seen it in the 1939 Paramount Studios movie “Geronimo.” The name is the Italian and Spanish form of Jerome, from Greek Hieronomos, literally “sacred name.” One contemporary source also lists Osceola as a jumping cry.
Geronimo was an Apache leader who continued the tradition of the Apaches resisting white colonization of their homeland in the Southwest, participating in raids into Sonora and Chihuahua in Mexico. After years of war, Geronimo finally surrendered to U.S. troops in 1886.
Geronimo is often remembered today with a sense of awe and admiration, as “the Apache daredevil fighting for his homeland.” But when his name first entered the public consciousness in the 1870s, it was not a hero, but a plunderer and murderer that was being presented to Americans.
Hope Geronimo, a descendant of Geronimo and Robert’s niece, is the youngest medicine woman among all the Mescalero Apache women. Her grandparents always taught her that Geronimo wasn’t primarily a leader—he was a medicine man. They also instructed her to include him in her prayers.
Chief Cochise, one of the great leaders of the Apache Indians in their battles with the Anglo-Americans, dies on the Chiricahua reservation in southeastern Arizona.
He would eventually become their leader because he believed, like Cochise before him, that his people deserved freedom. Geronimo had been one of Cochise’s most devout warriors. He had helped him take captives after the Bascom Affair and had fought alongside him during the Battle of Apache Pass.
General Nelson Miles is the major culprit here, as he did everything possible to ensure that his command, the 4th U.S. Cavalry, got all the credit for the capture of Geronimo and the last of the warring Apaches—about thirty-eight people, including warriors, women, and children.
Geronimo was sent in as a prisoner to Fort Pickens, Florida. In 1894 he was moved to Fort Sill, Oklahoma. In his old age Geronimo became something of a celebrity.
Geronimo, the last leader of an American Indian fighting force to capitulate to the United States, lived out his last years in exile. Ironically, he became famous by appearing at the St.
Named for the famed Apache leader incarcerated at Fort Sill, Geronimo was platted in 1902, and the post office was established in March 1903.