Congress considers the Vietnam Era to be “The period beginning on Feb. 28, 1961 and ending on May 7, 1975 … in the case of a veteran who served in the Republic of Vietnam during that period,” and “beginning on Aug. 5, 1964 and ending on May 7, 1975 … in all other cases.”
The Vietnam War and active U.S. involvement in the war began in 1954, though ongoing conflict in the region had stretched back several decades.
The U.S. entered the Vietnam War in an attempt to prevent the spread of communism, but foreign policy, economic interests, national fears, and geopolitical strategies also played major roles.
Vietnam War, (1954–75), a protracted conflict that pitted the communist government of North Vietnam and its allies in South Vietnam, known as the Viet Cong, against the government of South Vietnam and its principal ally, the United States.
So Americans decided not to take the war to North Vietnam on ground because of fears of Chinese intervention. Whether Peking’s threats were genuine or not, American presidents prudently refused to risk such high odds. North Vietnam remained inviolable to ground attack.
November 1, 1955 — President Eisenhower deploys the Military Assistance Advisory Group to train the Army of the Republic of Vietnam. This marks the official beginning of American involvement in the war as recognized by the Vietnam Veterans Memorial.
The United States forces did not lose, they left. Usually, people affiliate the phrase losing a war to actual defeat. America never lost any major battles in Vietnam, yet the North Vietnamese lost many, including the 1968 Tet Offensive. America never lost or gave up ground, yet many NVA/VC strongholds were decimated.
The Longest Wars Ever To Be Fought In Human History
|Rank||War or conflicts||End date|
All organs of Vietnam’s government are controlled by the Communist Party.
January 27, 1973: President Nixon signs the Paris Peace Accords, ending direct U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War.
Lengths of U.S. combat forces’ participation in wars
|1.||Afghan War||2001 – 2014, 2015 – present|
|2.||Vietnam War||1955 – 1973|
|3.||Moro Rebellion||1899 – 1913|
|4.||War in North-West Pakistan||2004 – 2017|
The deadliest year of the Vietnam War was 1968. The deadliest day –- shown graphically on the Vietnam Veterans Memorial –- was Jan. 31, when 246 U.S. personnel were killed.
Draftees accounted for 30.4% ( 17,725 ) of combat deaths in Vietnam.