The term Inuit refers broadly to the Arctic indigenous population of Alaska, Canada, and Greenland. When the Canadian government formally recognized the Inuit claims to the land, the inhabitants changed the name of the region to Nunavut, which means “our land” in Inuktitut.
The Inuit people live in the far northern areas of Alaska, Canada, Siberia, and Greenland. They originally made their home along the Alaskan coast, but migrated to other areas. Everything about the lives of the Inuit is influenced by the cold tundra climate in which they live.
Inuit — Inuktitut for “the people” — are an Indigenous people, the majority of whom inhabit the northern regions of Canada. The Inuit homeland is known as Inuit Nunangat, which refers to the land, water and ice contained in the Arctic region.
The Native American people of the Arctic region consist of the Inuit (multiple tribes), Yupik, and Aleut. Explorers from warmer climates called them Eskimos (people who weave snowshoes). The northern peoples are known for their dome-shaped igloos (lit.
Northern Native peoples live at latitudes that receive too little sunlight most of the year for vitamin D synthesis in the skin. Their skin is darker than that of Europeans and thus blocks more solar UVB.
Linguistic, ethnic, and cultural differences exist between Yupik and Inuit. In Canada and Greenland, the term Eskimo is predominantly seen as offensive or “non-preferred”, and has been widely replaced by the term Inuit or terms specific to a particular group or community.
Inuit is the contemporary term for ” Eskimo “. First Nation is the contemporary term for “Indian”. Inuit are “Aboriginal” or ” First Peoples “, but are not ” First Nations “, because ” First Nations ” are Indians. Inuit are not Indians.
While igloos are no longer the common type of housing used by the Inuit, they remain culturally significant in Arctic communities. Igloos also retain practical value: some hunters and those seeking emergency shelter still use them. (See also Architectural History of Indigenous Peoples in Canada.)
” Inuit ” is now the current term in Alaska and across the Arctic, and ” Eskimo ” is fading from use. ” Inuit ” is often used to encompass all Inuit and Yupik people, although I often speak of ” Inuit and Yupik people” or “ Inuit and Yupik languages”.
Among the problems the Inuit face is permafrost melting, which has destroyed the foundations of houses, eroded the seashore and forced people to move inland. Airport runways, roads and harbours are also collapsing.
Inuit are the descendants of what anthropologists call the Thule people, who emerged from western Alaska around 1000 CE. They had split from the related Aleut group about 4000 years ago and from northeastern Siberian migrants. They spread eastwards across the Arctic.
The principal peoples of the Arctic are: The Inuit. The Sami.
No one actually lives at the North Pole. Inuit people, who live in the nearby Arctic regions of Canada, Greenland, and Russia, have never made homes at the North Pole. The ice is constantly moving, making it nearly impossible to establish a permanent community.
There are over 40 different ethnic groups living in the Arctic.
Tribes of the Great Plains include the Blackfoot, Arapahoe, Cheyenne, Comanche and Crow. Northeast Woodlands – Includes the Iroquois Indians of New York, the Wappani, and the Shawnee.