The traditional Salish and Kootenai hunted buffalo on the Great Plains, as well as deer, elk, and other wild game in western Montana. A variety of plant foods such as bitterroot, camas, moss, wild onions, Indian potatoes, and sarvis berries were gathered during their seasons and preserved for later use.
Before colonization, the Flathead usually lived in tepees; the A-framed mat-covered lodge, a typical Plateau structure, was also used. Western Flathead groups used bark canoes, while eastern groups preferred the round bison-skin vessels known as bullboats that were typical of the Plains.
The peoples of this area were named Flathead Indians by Europeans who came to the area. The name was originally applied to various Salish peoples, based on the practice of artificial cranial deformation by some of the groups, though the modern groups associated with the Flathead Reservation never engaged in it.
The Salish Tribe, also referred to as the Flathead, were a large and powerful division of the Salishan family, to which they gave their name. They inhabited much of western Montana centered around the Flathead Lake and valley. They were called the Flathead Indians by Lewis and Clark, when they came upon them in 1806.
The Salish or Séliš language /ˈseɪlɪʃ/, also known as Kalispel–Pend d’oreille, Kalispel –Spokane–Flathead, or, to distinguish it from the Salish language family to which it gave its name, Montana Salish, is a Salishan language spoken (as of 2005) by about 64 elders of the Flathead Nation in north central Montana and of
The Kootenai people lived along the Kootenai River in Idaho, Montana, and British Columbia. They were hunter-gatherers, and salmon was an important staple to their diets. They have permanent winter villages of cone-shaped houses made from wooden poles and rush mats.
When Europeans first came to North Carolina, the Chowan Tribe was strong and well known. They signed a treaty with the settlers that they would obey the queen of England. Later, when war broke out between some American Indians and settlers, other tribes encouraged the Chowanoc to break their treaty.
The elite of some tribes had the practice of head binding, flattening their children’s forehead and top of the skull as a mark of social status. They bound the infant’s head under pressure between boards when the infant was about 3 months old and continued until the child was about one year of age.
The Niitsitapi, also known as the Blackfoot or Blackfeet Indians, reside in the Great Plains of Montana and the Canadian provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan. Only one of the Niitsitapi tribes are called Blackfoot or Siksika. The name is said to have come from the color of the peoples’ moccasins, made of leather.
The name Sioux is an abbreviation of Nadouessioux (“Adders”; i.e., enemies), a name originally applied to them by the Ojibwa. The Santee, also known as the Eastern Sioux, were Dakota speakers and comprised the Mdewkanton, Wahpeton, Wahpekute, and Sisseton.
1: a group of American Indian peoples of British Columbia and the northwestern U.S. 2: the family of languages spoken by the Salish peoples.
Within the U.S., there are 562 Native American tribes. The largest are Navajo, Cherokee and Sioux. More than 3 million people in the U.S. are Native people.
They traditionally speak the Upriver dialect of Halkomelem, one of the Salishan languages|Salishan family of languages of the Coast Salish peoples.