Haida men wore breech clouts and long cloaks. Women wore knee-length skirts and poncho-like capes. Haida clothing was usually woven out of fiber made from cedar bark, but some garments were made of deerskin and otter fur.
The food that the Haida tribe ate included their staple diet of fish supplemented by wapato (Indian Potato) greens, seeds and berries. The women also pressed the rich oil from the eulachon (candlefish) and used large amounts of this oil as a dip for their food.
The Haida were widely known for their art and architecture, both of which focused on the creative embellishment of wood. They decorated utilitarian objects with depictions of supernatural and other beings in a highly conventionalized style. They also produced elaborate totem poles with carved and painted crests.
Haida have many elaborate ceremonies and rituals. These events are generally categorized as potlatches, ceremonial events in which generosity is expressed by the giving of gifts, feasting, and traditional Haida dancing and singing.
Contemporary Life. Many contemporary Haida are famous for their fine art (see also Northwest Coast Indigenous Art), while many others work as prosperous commercial fishers or in forestry. Together with Parks Canada, the Haida manage the South Moresby/Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve on Haida Gwaii.
1: a member of an American Indian people of the Queen Charlotte Islands, British Columbia, and Prince of Wales Island, Alaska. 2: the language of the Haida people.
Haida art is recognized around the world for its monumental totem poles and sculptures; fine carving in wood, metal and slate; and weaving. Haida art is recognized around the world for its monumental totem poles and sculptures; fine carving in wood, metal and slate; and weaving.
The Haida hunted Deer,Bear,and Mountain Goats on land, but in the water they hunted Seals, sea lions,and Whales. They would have to make bows and arrows to catch food from a distance. The Haida were also very good fisherman.
Na-Dené languages Tlingit and Haida are each single languages making up separate families; they are spoken, respectively, in southeastern Alaska and British Columbia. The major language of the Na-Dené group is Navajo, spoken by large Indian populations in Arizona and New Mexico.
BC Ferries provides year-round ferry service from Prince Rupert to Skidegate, Haida Gwaii. The trip takes about 8 hours, and reservations are required for both foot-passengers and people with vehicles.
Overall, the similarities between the Tlingit, Kwakuitl, Haida, and Polynesians are many. Physically it is very difficult to tell them apart, culturally they are the same, they have similar genes, artefacts, and art styles, even their legends show a connection.
While frequently described as a “trickster”, Haidas believe Raven, or Yáahl to be a complex reflection of one’s own self. Raven has been described as the greediest, most lecherous and mischievous creature known to the Haida, but at the same time Raven often helps humans in our encounters with other supernatural beings.
Haida Gwaii is an archipelago of islands (the Queen Charlotte Islands) off the northern coast of British Columbia near the province’s border with Alaska.
With the discovery of gold in Alaskan territory in 1889, settlers swarmed to the area, and the Haida lost much of their land as well as access to many of their hunting and fishing areas. They were then forced to participate in the area’s growing economy as fishers and loggers for American companies.
The islands are most easily approached via a two-hour flight from Vancouver. (Air Canada is the only airline with connecting international flights.) You can also take the eight-hour ferry ride (cars allowed) from Prince Rupert, B.C., to Skidegate, a Haida village located five miles east of Queen Charlotte.