The Blaan people, alternatively spelled as ” B’laan,” are one of the indigenous peoples of Southern Mindanao in the Philippines. Their name could have derived from “bla” meaning “opponent” and the suffix “an” meaning “people.” Other terms used to refer to this group are Blaan, Bira-an, Baraan, Vilanes, and Bilanes.
The basic culture is dry cultivation of a broad range of food plants including rice, supplemented by food gathering and hunting. Culture change is in an advanced stage. The Blaan language is classified in a group that includes the Tiruray and T’boli, which are distinct from the central Philippine group.
Blit B’laan is a courtship dance of the B’laan people of Davao del Sur in which the dancers mimic the behavior of forest birds in the mating season. Two male dancers that represent richly-plumed male birds eye three females. Still, the aggressive males pursue them.
The traditional female tube skirt is called Tabih made from handwoven abaca (ikat weaving). Blaan women also uses the Maguindanao plaid Malong as an alternative to Tabih and it is called Gintlo. Blaan male pants/trousers are generally called Salwal.
The Bagobo are a settled people, practicing agriculture as well as hunting and fishing. Their chief crop is rice, which they grow in clearings on the mountain sides. Since this grain is their staple food, the whole routine of its cultivation is most closely bound up with their religious beliefs and practices.
The Bukidnons are one of the traditionalistic ethnic groups in the southern Philippines. The term “ Bukidnon ” (mountain dweller) was derived from the Cebuano language but nowadays, it is accepted by most members of the ethnic group referred to.
The malong is a large, wrap-around tubular garment, measuring at least 165 x 165 cm. They are used by the Maranao and Maguindanao from southern Philippines. The malong of the Maranao and the Maguindanao can either be made of silk for ceremonial occasions, or cotton for everyday wear.
The Higaonon described as “people of living mountains” and “people of the wilderness” are one of the lumads (indigenous peoples) in the mountainous areas of Northern Mindanao in southern Philippines, who have resisted assimilation or acculturation, with their traditional systems, practices, beliefs remaining relatively
During the festival, the seven tribes in Bukidnon namely the Bukidnon, Talaandig, Tigwahanon, Manobo, Umayamnon, Matigsalog and Higaonon are gathered to celebrate diversity, culture, pride and unity.
3) Right now, the spelling of Blaan in the National Records of the Philippines bears the one with apostrophe after B ( B’laan ) and is commonly pronounced by non-Blaans as “Bilaan”, a very derogatory reference in the history of the Blaan people.
The culture of Higanaon tribe can best be described as a culture of Peace, for solving their internal conflicts or settle feuds among other ethnic groups, the tribes practises an ancient ritual: the tampudas hu Balagun, or the treaty of the green vine branch, a symbolic ans traditonal cutting of the vine.