The Woodland Indians lived in wigwams and longhouses. The Iroquois, Cherokee, and Mound Builders were important Woodland tribes.
The Eastern Woodlands includes, among others, the Haudenosaunee, Mi’kmaq, Ojibwe and Wendat (Huron) peoples. The Eastern Woodlands is one of six cultural areas of Indigenous peoples in Canada. Eastern Woodlands Indigenous Peoples in Canada.
|Article by||Charles A. Bishop|
|Updated by||Zach Parrott|
Eastern Woodlands culture, term used to refer to Native American societies inhabiting the eastern United States. The Hopewell, as with later Woodland cultures, lived in villages and supplemented their hunting and gathering with the cultivation of some domesticated plants.
Northeast Indian Native American. Piasa bird. Abenaki. Pequot. Iroquois. Menominee. Huron. Kickapoo.
The Eastern Woodlands Indians of the north lived predominately in dome-shaped wigwams (arched shelters made of a framework of poles and covered with bark, rush mats, or hides) and in long houses (multi-family lodges having pole frames and covered with elm shingles).
The Indigenous people of the Eastern Woodlands spoke languages belonging to several language groups, including Algonquian, Iroquoian, Muskogean, and Siouan, as well as apparently isolated languages such as Calusa, Chitimacha, Natchez, Timucua, Tunica and Yuchi. Many of these languages are still spoken today.
They would farm, gather, fish and hunt. Some things that they would eat were corn, squash, rice, and beans. Their gathering skills would provide their berries and nuts. They were about to hunt and eat buffalo, elk,rabbit, deer, bears, moose, raccoons, squirrels.
The Woodlands Native Americans worshipped the spirits of nature. They believed in a Supreme Being who was all-powerful. Shamanism was part of their religious practices. A shaman is a person who, while in a trance, can communi- cate with the spirits.
The main sport that the Iroquois played was lacrosse. The game was not only played for fun, it was also played to amuse the creator and more importantly, train young men for war. The game was also played to settle disputes between tribes! Early lacrosse had very few rules.
The Eastern Woodlands Indians dressed mainly in clothing made from animal hides that were softened, tanned, and sewn. Their basic wardrobe consisted of soft-soled moccasins, leggings, and a long-sleeved shirt or coat, over which women wore long skirts and men wore breechclouts and short kilts.
Government – Eastern Woodlands Indians. All the Eastern Woodlands Indians had a very specific and organized method to handle tribal affairs. This organized method would help the American Indians adapt to their environment. The similarities that they share outweigh the differences.
Eastern Woodland Indians lived in different types of shelters. They lived in wigwams and longhouses. Native Americans built their own homes from grasses, and they used twigs, branches, and mud and clay. A typical Eastern Woodland Indians’ village had 30-60 houses plus a meeting houses.
The Navaho Indians (the “ Dine,” or “ Navaho People,” in their native language), indigenous to the American Southwest, comprise the largest Native American tribe in the United States today.
They are known to us today as the Wendat (also known as Huron,) Neutral-Wenro, Erie, Laurentian (or St. Lawrence Iroquoian,) Susquehannock, Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, Mohawk, Tuscarora, Nottaway, and Cherokee.
|Tribal group||Total||American Indian/Alaska Native alone|
|American Indian tribes|