The original inhabitants of the area that is now Colorado included:
There are two federally recognized Tribes in Colorado, the Southern Ute Indian Tribe and the Ute Mountain Ute Tribe.
The American Library Association would like to acknowledge the indigenous history of the Denver region and Colorado more broadly and recognize the Southern Ute Indian Tribe and Ute Mountain Ute Tribe. The land that Denver sits on originally belonged to the Arapaho tribe, as laid out in the 1851 Treaty of Fort Laramie.
Where did the Sioux live? They lived in the Great Plains in the following states, North Dakota, South Dakota, Kansas, Nebraska, Wyoming, Montana, Oklahoma, Texas, and Colorado.
Arkansas, Delaware. Georgia, Hawaii, Illinois, Kentucky, Maryland, Missouri, New Hampshire’ New Jersey, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia, and West Virginia.
Very few Ute people are left and now primarily live in Utah and Colorado, within three Ute tribal reservations: Uintah-Ouray in northeastern Utah (3,500 members); Southern Ute in Colorado (1,500 members); and Ute Mountain which primarily lies in Colorado, but extends to Utah and New Mexico (2,000 members).
Most Western Ute Indians lived in wickiups. Wickiups are small round or cone-shaped houses made of a willow frame covered with brush. Eastern Ute people preferred Plains-style tipis. Tipis (or teepees) are tall, tall, cone-shaped buffalo-hide houses that can be put together or taken apart quickly, like a modern tent.
Since Colorado is a Spanish word for the color red, we are properly Coloradans, not Coloradoans. As best I know, most Colorado newspapers follow this rule, but there have been exceptions.
Greater Denver Area Tribes The main groups who occupied the Denver area, however, were the Apaches, Utes, Cheyennes, Comanches, and Arapahoes. At times Native peoples and Euro-Americans coexisted peacefully. Settlers often would marry Indian or Metis women creating mixed nation families.
Colorado means “the color red,” and Spanish explorers named the muddy red river they found Rio Colorado. Congress chose the name for the territory in 1861.
The Sioux are a confederacy of several tribes that speak three different dialects, the Lakota, Dakota, and Nakota. The Lakota, also called the Teton Sioux, are comprised of seven tribal bands and are the largest and most western of the three groups, occupying lands in both North and South Dakota.
The ancestral Sioux most likely lived in the Central Mississippi Valley region and later in Minnesota, for at least two or three thousand years. The ancestors of the Sioux arrived in the northwoods of central Minnesota and northwestern Wisconsin from the Central Mississippi River shortly before 800 AD.
Enemies of the Sioux were the French, Ojibway, Assinibone, and the Kiowa Indians. One of the allies of the Sioux were the Arikara.
Today, Comanche Nation enrollment equals 15,191, with their tribal complex located near Lawton, Oklahoma within the original reservation boundaries that they share with the Kiowa and Apache in Southwest Oklahoma.
List of unrecognized groups claiming to be American Indian tribes
Tribes can buy private land like anyone else But unless they own the land outright through purchase and hold the land deed it’s open to purchase by anyone.